Gay Mayor Pete Buttigieg passes goal, now a contender in president race

Gay Mayor Pete Buttigieg passes goal, now a contender in president race

Pete Buttigieg | Photo: Wikimedia Commons/City of South Bend, Indiana Mayor Pete Buttigieg is now officially a contender in president race.

The only LGBTI Democratic candidate running so far, he has hit his 65,000 donor goal.

This means he is the first openly gay presidential candidate to participate in the DNC Primary debates. Pete Buttigieg reaches donor goal

Buttigieg is already impressing the American public.

A Rhodes scholar and veteran of the war in Afghanistan, the Mayor of South Bend can also speak eight languages.

His primary work as mayor has focused on redevelopment. At 37, he is the youngest presidential candidate in the race.

The Democratic National Committee (DNC) requires a minimum of 65,000 individual donors. If they meet that goal, a candidate invited to the debate stage happening in June. Thousands donate to gay mayor’s campaign

A spokesman with the Pete for America Exploratory Committee says: ‘We are building a community that believes in this bold vision for the future.

‘There are tens of thousands of people (75,025 to be exact) around the country who invested because they believe a midwestern, millennial, war veteran, mayoral voice should be part of the conversation.’

Buttigieg added: ‘Thanks to you, we hit the @TheDemocrats 65,000 donor goal in order to be invited to the first debate.

‘But we are going to need to raise a lot more money to compete.’

On 11 March, Buttigieg had the largest fundraising day of his potential 2020 campaign. He exceeded $600,000 over 24 hours following CNN’s Town Hall.

However, there are a lot of Democratic candidates .

Twelve Democratic politicians have announced their run, including Cory Booker, Kamala Harris, Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren.

Others include Julián Castro, John Delaney, Tulsi Gabbard, Kirsten Gillibrand, Jay Inslee, Amy Klobuchar and Beto O’Rourke.

Poland’s ruling chief speaks strongly against LGBT rights

Poland's ruling chief speaks strongly against LGBT rights

The leader of Poland’s right-wing ruling party used hostile language Saturday while speaking against rights for LGBT persons, a subject that has risen to prominence in his political campaign ahead of crucial elections in Poland this year.

Jaroslaw Kaczynski spoke to Law and Justice party activists and government members at a convention in Katowice, ahead of both the European Parliament election, slated in Poland for May 26, and of Poland’s general election in the fall. The elections will decide whether Law and Justice, which is critical of European Union ways and values, will preserve the control of Poland’s parliament it has since 2015.

It was the second time in eight days that Kaczynski used the issue of LGBT rights to rally conservative voters in the predominantly Catholic nation. Commentators said he was also aiming to deflect attention from questions over his involvement in a construction business and from corruption allegations against some ruling party members.

The 69-year-old bachelor, Kaczynski, who is Poland’s most powerful politician and a lawmaker, argued that a recent LGBT rights declaration by the opposition Warsaw mayor backs same-sex marriages and adoption rights.

"This is not about tolerance. This is about the affirmation of same-sex unions, about their marriage, and their right to adopt children," Kaczynski said emphatically. "We want to say it clearly. We are saying ‘No!,’ especially when it concerns children. Stay away from our children!"

Polish law does not allow same-sex marriages.

The Law and Justice government promotes family values and aims to boost the country’s birth rate with generous bonuses. The party has also supported the Roman Catholic Church for years.

Kaczynski’s words drew irony from the opposition.

The gay leader of the Spring party, Robert Biedron, said on Twitter that Kaczynski "should be referring his ‘Stay away from our children!’ words to the pedophilia in the Catholic Church."

On Thursday, Catholic church leaders revealed that, according to their records, some 382 clergymen in Poland had abused over 620 minors since 1990.

Tomasz Siemoniak of the pro-EU Civic Platform party said Kaczynski’s slogan should be directed at the ruling party’s education minister, who has introduced much-criticized changes to the nation’s curriculum.

Although his party leads in opinion polls, Kaczynski is pressing his message hard to rally even more conservative supporters. In Poland, voters in larger cities tend to increasingly back the pro-EU opposition. Opinion polls suggest that opposition parties, if they united forces, could win a slight edge over Law and Justice in the elections.

Illinois votes to teach ‘LGBT history’ to schoolchildren, Republicans furious

Illinois votes to teach ‘LGBT history’ to schoolchildren, Republicans furious

Get short URL FILE PHOTO: Marchers wave flags at a gay pride parade in New York © Reuters / Andrew Kelly The Illinois House of representatives has voted to require the teaching of ‘LGBT history’ to elementary school students in the state. Republican opponents have called the measure “indoctrination.”

The measure, which passed by 60 votes to 42 on Wednesday, would require history textbooks in the state to include "the role and contributions of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people in the history of this country and this State."

Supporters say the addition to the history books will cut down on bullying and show LGBT students that they can contribute fully to society. Opponents, however, are skeptical. “Here’s what parents in my district said: ‘How or why is a historical figures’ sexuality or gender self-identification even relevant? Especially. when we’re talking about kindergarten and elementary school history,’" Republican Rep. Tom Morrison told NPR.

Furthermore, Republican opponents are furious that the measure doesn’t allow parents to opt out.

Rep. Darren Bailey told the Pontiac Daily Leader that he voted against the bill “because it does not provide an ‘opt out’ option for parents who do not wish their children exposed to this kind of information for religious reasons, or because their child may not be of a mature enough age to fully understand the meaning and implications of what LGBT actually is.”

“Forcing that information on 5 year olds and elementary school children is more of an effort of indoctrination,” he added.

An earlier iteration of the Illinois measure passed the state Senate last year, and this latest version is expected to do the same. Democrat Governor JB Pritzker – a staunch supporter of LGBT rights – will likely sign it into law as soon as it lands on his desk.

New Jersey governor Phil Murphy (D) signed a similar bill into law last month, in spite of complaints from parents, Christians, and Republicans. New Jersey was the second state to introduce such legislation after California paved the way in 2016.

Birmingham school to indefinitely suspend LGBT lessons for kids after parents’ anger

LGBT History is not just a matter of debate in America. In Britain, an outcry from parents forced a school in Birmingham to suspend its LGBT rights curriculum earlier this month. The parents, a majority of whom are Muslim, opposed the program both for religious reasons and due to the young age of the students involved.

Think your friends would be interested? Share this story!

LGBT theatre group, self group for transgender persons launched at Kerala queer pride

LGBT theatre group, self group for transgender persons launched at Kerala queer pride

The queer pride, the first in the state after the SC decriminalisation of homosexuality, followed a green protocol. At the back of the temporary stage built on Queer Pride day, Prijith stands looking tense. He looks preoccupied even as he describes to journalists the new programmes they are about to announce after the march ends at Manaveeyam Veedi in Thiruvananthapuram. There would be the launch of an LGBT theatre group, Q Rang, the first in the country, he says. And a self help group called Jwala for the transgender community, Prijith says looking distracted.

The founder of Queerythm, a welfare organisation working for the rights of sexual and gender minorities, Prijith relaxes only when his colleague and member of Social Justice’s transgender cell Syama Prabha comes to tell him that it’s okay, the Museum police would not interfere in the evening programmes. He whistles before smiling again and talking about the green protocol the march has followed. “None of the materials we used are non-biodegradable. The rainbow flags are all made of cotton or cotton-mixed material,” Prijith says, now smiling ear to ear.

He has been quite happy to notice the unexpectedly large number of people who took part in the pride march that began from the University College at half past 5 on Sunday evening. “I was pleasantly surprised to see the turn out. There are people coming from other states – Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and West Bengal – and there are foreigners too,” he says. This is also the first queer pride in Kerala after the Supreme Court decriminalised section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, an Act from the British era that had criminalised homosexuality. The march proceeded through the busy city roads, not affecting the traffic, participants dancing to the rhythm of the percussion accompanying them, and kissing freely for photographers to take snaps of.

After the launch of Q Rang and Jwala, there would be cultural programmes, inaugurated by Archana Padmini, actor, film society worker and teacher. There would also be a performance by Q Rang, directed by Sreejith Sundaram, and the screening of the docu fiction Birds of Paradise .

Watch: Queer pride march in Trivandrum. Following green protocol. The first after 377 got decriminalized. The joy is so catching. — Cris (@cristweets) March 18, 2019 Also read: ‘A murderer should not win’: KK Rema says RMP will work to defeat CPI(M)’s P Jayarajan

Maltese Catholics Criticize Archbishop Scicluna’s Leadership on ‘LGBT’ Issues

Maltese Catholics Criticize Archbishop Scicluna’s Leadership on ‘LGBT’ Issues

Father Kevin Schembri of Malta appears on the Xarabank television show. (Facebook/Xarabank) Critics blame the archbishop for his repesentative’s priest’s remarks on a local television show that homosexuality was created by God, and was ‘part of his plan.’

VALETTA, Malta — A priest representing Pope Francis’ point man on sexual abuse in the Church, Maltese Archbishop Charles Scicluna, spoke approvingly of homosexuality as created by God and “part of his plan” to a talk show audience last week.

Appearing March 8 on the show, called Xarabank , Father Kevin Schembri, who teaches canon law at the University of Malta, also told the show’s host, Peppi Azzopardi, that God created people with “difference sexual orientations,” and that being homosexual “cannot be something bad, because he created it.”

According to an English translation of his interview transcript provided to the Register, Father Schembri, who is the archdiocesan defender of the bond, went on to say that if a person recognizes he is “a gay person as created by God, he does not need to change,” and he would actually be “harming himself” if he did not accept himself “as a gay person.”

He also said a sincere “relationship of love” between homosexuals is as “good” as a relationship of “love between heterosexual couples.”

“Where love is, there is God,” said Father Schembri, who is known for his ministry to same-sex attracted Catholics, adding that homosexual love is simply a “variant” created by God. In the TV interview, he also rejected reparative, or conversion, therapy, and said Archbishop Scicluna had also spoken against it. The archbishop spoke publicly against reparative therapy in 2015 and 2016 .

Father Schembri’s comments caused considerable anger and frustration among Maltese faithful and clergy who contacted the Register to express their concern.

Sources told the Register that the archdiocese has been “inundated” with complaints. Medical doctor and Maltese politician Herman Farrugia wrote an open letter on Facebook accusing Father Schembri of committing “five doctrinal errors.”

He told the Register March 17 that the priest’s comments, which he said were “tantamount” to justifying homosexual activity if the relationships are “loyal and genuine,” were “bitterly received” by large sections of Malta’s Catholic population, “both young and old alike.” Farrugia also said the “LGBTIQ lobby” were reportedly triumphant “as soon as the interview was broadcast.”

Another layman, Benjamin Camilleri, said the priest only quoted half of the Church’s teaching on homosexuality. He gave a “terribly false impression of the truth,” he wrote.

A priest in Malta, who requested anonymity, told the Register March 14 he had been “overwhelmed” by members of the Maltese faithful hoping that Father Schembri’s comments were not true, and wondering if the archbishop would issue a clarification.

In response to questions from concerned members of the public, representatives from Xarabank issued a statement after the interview saying they had initially invited Archbishop Scicluna, not Father Schembri, to the show, but the archbishop sent Father Schembri instead, saying he was “very good at answering the questions that you wish to ask.”

Other sources have confirmed to the Register that Archbishop Scicluna was well aware of Father Schembri’s views, and gave his appearance on the program his full backing.

A week later, Archbishop Scicluna — the head of the bishops’ conference of Malta and handpicked by Pope Francis to investigate sexual abuse by clergy in Chile and elsewhere — has not responded to the public concern generated by Father Schembri’s comments .

Neither Archbishop Scicluna nor Father Schembri responded to Register questions about the matter. The archbishop has also said nothing elsewhere to dissociate himself from Father Schembri’s remarks.

“So far there is only a deafening sound of silence,” said a Maltese priest speaking on condition of anonymity. “Is this a sign of good leadership?”

But others have also been supportive. Carmelite Father Charlo Camilleri defended Father Schembri by criticizing Farrugia, saying those who confuse the People of God are people who “think that having read a bit of Aquinas, think they are theologians.” Another priest, Father Claude Portelli, said of Father Schembri that it was right to be “proud of him.”

Summit Comments

The talk show was just the latest example of what critics say is a disturbing level of tolerance of homosexual behavior on the once deeply Catholic Mediterranean islands, especially among clergy.

Unease is being especially directed at Archbishop Scicluna, who is perceived by many Maltese Catholics as excessively tolerant of such acts — and because of his soft stance on homosexuality at the recent Vatican summit of bishops on sexual abuse and the protection of minors.

This is of particular concern as he is also adjunct secretary at the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith with a respected history of investigating abuse cases, and now holding the key responsibility of leading the Church’s response to clerical sex abuse crisis.

At last month’s summit, the archbishop played a leading role and was a member of the summit’s four-member preparatory committee.

Asked why the word homosexuality was totally absent on the summit’s first day, Archbishop Scicluna said it was “never legitimate” to “generalize about categories of persons.” He said homosexuality was one of a number of human conditions but was not something that “really predisposes to sin.” He added: “I would never dare point to a category as one that has the propensity to sin. We all have the same propensity.”

In comments to reporters the following day, he said homosexual abuse of seminarians was separate to the sexual abuse of minors, despite more than 80% of all abuse cases being male on male, according to the 2004 John Jay report into the U.S. clerical sex abuse crisis. A similarly strong correlation was found in a study of clergy abuse in Belgium released last month.

“You cannot not address misconduct of that nature, which is sinful,” Archbishop Scicluna said, “but this is not about the sexual abuse of minors.”

‘LGBT Agenda’

Speaking on condition of anonymity due to the sensitivity of the issue involved, multiple sources in Malta, along with a same-sex attracted Catholic, expressed their concern to the Register this week over the archbishop’s approach, and the remarks of Father Schembri.

One priest said he had the impression that Archbishop Scicluna had “fallen in line with Rome’s newly-adopted LGBT agenda” and is now applying that “in his diocese.” He said there was “no question” the archbishop, “like practically every other priest in Malta, knew what Father Kevin’s ideas and beliefs have always been.”

Another priest acknowledged the gospel requirement to welcome everyone, but also noted the need to accompany others in making “difficult choices.” The homosexual agenda is driven by feelings, not objective truth, he said, and complained that “we are being terrorized by a small but vocal group of ‘Catholics’ who definitely have the backing of the archbishop to bend us to their idea of ministering pastorally to LGBT people.”

But that approach is “not challenging them to live their lives coherently according to the beliefs they claim to possess,” the priest added.

Despite long being a bastion of Catholic values, the Maltese government has swiftly adopted the “LGBT” agenda, legalizing civil unions in 2014 and same-sex “marriage” in 2017.

Maltese layman Philip Beattie, the president of the Catholic society, Pro Malta Christiana , told the Register that Church officials in Malta had “denounced” faithful Catholics who prayed the Rosary in reparation for Malta’s annual “Gay Pride” parade last September. The archdiocesan curia said the initiative, organized by Pro Malta Christiana, “did not form part of the Church in Malta” and that the Church “respects people of all sexual orientations and recognizes the dignity of each and every one.”

“Double standards favoring the homosexual agenda are at work in the archdiocese,” Beattie said.

He added that Archbishop Scicluna gave “formal permission” for a group called Drachma , which campaigns for acceptance of same-sex “marriage” in the Church, to hold meetings.

Beattie said that in 2014, Archbishop Scicluna presided at a Eucharistic celebration put on by Drachma aimed at ending “homophobia,” with a homosexual rainbow flag draped over the altar. He also received a Drachma delegation in 2016.

Same-Sex Attracted Catholic’s Perspective

Additional scandal has been caused by the archbishop’s tolerant treatment of some prominent openly homosexual persons. In April 2017, Vanni Xuereb, a former priest not yet laicized but serving as Malta’s ambassador to Spain, boasted in an article in the Times of Malta of receiving a special blessing from Archbishop Scicluna while processing before or after Mass. Xuereb is reportedly “married” to another man.

“The archbishop is allowing people to mock the Gospel,” a same-sex attracted Maltese Catholic trying to live according to the Church’s teaching, told the Register March 15. He said he is “wondering whether my sacrifices have been all in vain,” and that he would “like my archbishop to tell me that this is not the case.”

After speaking once with Archbishop Scicluna, he said the archbishop tried to “brush off” his struggle, saying the Church loves him just as he is and “we don’t judge you.” Father Schembri’s remarks sounded “remarkably similar,” he said

“It looks lovely on paper but I wasn’t convinced,” he said, and so he continued to receive different counsel from his confessor. “Had I not had the grace to be in a long and fruitful dialogue with my confessor, I would have seen nothing wrong with what the archbishop told me and with Father Kevin’s words.”

But those words, he said, “are not useful for believers who are gay because they conform to the dictates of society. They are not based on the words of Christ and the teachings of his Church, but rather they are the words of the LGBT propaganda.”

Edward Pentin is the Register’s Rome correspondent.

Illinois House votes to teach LGBT history in schools

Illinois House votes to teach LGBT history in schools

A school classroom. (Matt Cardy/Getty Images) Illinois’ House of Representatives has reportedly voted for LGBT+ history to be taught in the state’s schools.

The state House approved the bill on Wednesday (March 13), which would require history books in Illinois to include “the role and contributions of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people in the history of this country and this State,” reports National Public Radio (NPR).

RT reports that the bill was passed by 60 votes to 42.

Supporters say the bill will reduce anti-LGBT bullying in Illinois schools. Illinois bill for LGBT+ history in school requires governor sign-off

If measure becomes law, Illinois will be the third state in the US to require schools to teach LGBT+ history, after similar legislation was implemented in New Jersey earlier this year and California in 2016.

The bill is now waiting to be signed off by Democrat governor J. B. Pritzker.

It was passed by the Illinois senate in May 2018 with a vote of 34-18, reports The Hill. “My brother was teaching history and a student asked whether the historical figure there was the subject of the lesson was gay. He answered with the truth.”

—Democrat representative Jennifer Gong-Gershowit Democrat representative Jennifer Gong-Gershowit, a supporter of the plan, said her brother, who is a teacher, had been disciplined by his school for speaking about his sexuality. Kluge originally called pupils by their surnames (David McNew/Getty Images) “He was subjected to hate mail and called into the principal’s office to explain why he answered a student’s question honestly,” she told NPR.

“My brother was teaching history and a student asked whether the historical figure there was the subject of the lesson was gay. He answered with the truth.” If approved, Illinois would be third US state to require schools to teach LGBT+ history

Opponents of the Illinois bill, however, argue that it is not necessary for schools to teach about the gender or sexuality of historical figures.

Tom Morrison, a Republican state representative, told NPR: “Here’s what parents in my district said, ‘How or why is a historical figures’ sexuality or gender self -identification even relevant?

“‘Especially when we’re talking about kindergarten and elementary school history.’” IcePop Grandpa Worked Over A Decade On Her Sweet 16 Gift. Her Reaction Was Heartbreaking

A scandal in the Amazon – where pilots are forced to lie

A scandal in the Amazon - where pilots are forced to lie

Three months ago, eight people disappeared on a flight deep in the Amazon. Small planes are often the only way to get around – but because most landing strips are unofficial, pilots have to lie about where they are flying. And this means that when planes go missing, it can be unclear where to look for them.

It was a few minutes after midday on 2 December last year when Paulo Tridade suddenly heard the tense, urgent voice of his fellow pilot Jeziel Barbosa de Moura, on a crackly plane-to-plane radio.

"Paulo," he said, "It looks like I’ve lost a cylinder. There’s oil leaking on to the windscreen. I’m going to land at Independência."

Paulo, also in the sky over the Amazonian rainforest, 22 minutes’ flying time away, tried urgently to dissuade him: "No, you can’t," he said. "There’s no longer any landing strip there; it was abandoned 15 years ago. Aim for the river, the Parú, instead – try to land on water." Jeziel Barbosa de Moura, shortly before take-off But it was no use. "No, no, I’ve decided to land at Independência," Jeziel replied. "I can’t make anything out any more."

Then the signal cut out. Those were the last words Paulo heard from his friend of 37 years. He turned round in mid-air to try to find Jeziel. But it was hopeless. Paulo ran straight into one of the Amazon’s sudden, terrifying rain-storms, when light aircraft have to fly low, underneath the towering black clouds, to have any visibility at all.

The downpour ended just as Paulo flew over Independência, a strip built to serve a long-abandoned gold mine, half swallowed-up again by the jungle. But looking down, he could see no sign of any plane. Jeziel had been flying his single-engine Embraer air-taxi, registration PT-RDZ, from the isolated Amazonian Indian village of Matawaré, in the Tumucumaque Mountains National Park, near Brazil’s northern border with French Guiana, to the mining town of Laranjal do Jarí, a journey of about 1 hour and 45 minutes that he’d made many times before.

On board were two groups of Amazonian Indians from the village, a teacher called Pantia Tiriyó with his wife Pansina and their three children, the youngest just three years old – and an older woman, Sepi Akuriyó, with her son-in-law Jesaraya Tiriyó.

Two days later, the Brazilian Air Force began a search that involved 128 hours of flying by Amazonas search and rescue aircraft, Hercules transport planes and Black Hawk helicopters. But it was suspended after two weeks with no result. Flavia Moura: "We feel abandoned" Since then, indigenous people’s organisations have repeatedly appealed to the Defence Ministry to organise a ground search, as has happened after some previous disappearances – but in vain. That’s despite new information emerging from an eyewitness who said he saw a plane flying low, as if about to land, on the day PT-RDZ came down.

Flavia Moura, the pilot’s daughter, is in despair. "We feel abandoned. Totally," she says. "We’re yelling every day, my brothers and me, begging for any help to continue the search, but no-one’s come, no-one’s helped. Is it because they are Indians, because they’re ordinary people, that no-one has offered to help?"

Those appeals have received strong support from Brazil’s Public Prosecutor’s office, which is threatening to take the Defence Ministry to court if it doesn’t resume the search.

But Alexandre Guimarães, the Federal Prosecutor-General in the state of Amapá says the difficulty in finding PT-RDZ exposes a much more serious, long-standing government failure – the lack of air traffic control in the Amazon and other remote parts of Brazil, which disproportionately affects its indigenous population. PT-RDZ was flying clandestinely. But not through choice. Most landing strips serving indigenous communities in the Amazon aren’t registered, because they don’t meet safety standards. And that means pilots can’t officially take off or land from them. So, in order to provide transport for isolated communities, pilots are obliged to file fake plans, giving an incorrect point of departure or destination. A small aircraft landing at Aldeia Baú, Para State, Brazil Obviously, that makes it hard to know where to look when a plane goes down.

Adrian Young of the Netherlands-based aviation consultancy, to70, which advises airports, airlines, and governments around the world, said: "A regulatory system that requires pilots to falsify flight plans, to lie about basic information is scandalous. It’s unsafe – and in such an isolated region, you can’t just deny people access to travel." Most pilots are scared to talk openly about the situation, for fear their licences may be cancelled if they admit lying to air traffic control. But one, Paulo Nortes, said: "You have to fly quietly, with the transponder sometimes turned off, and the flight controllers and the government don’t really know about those flights. They’re not being monitored by any controller."

And yet, as he says, flying in the Amazon can be very dangerous. "There are a few airstrips that are like rollercoasters… and you must be aware all the time of the weather, not to get inside a heavy storm, because it plays with your plane as if it was a paper plane, like a toy." A storm over the Amazon Indigenous activist Cecília Apalai has been lobbying the government for years to upgrade airstrips so they can be licensed, travelling twice for talks in the capital, Brasilia.

"We are very worried, because we are the users of this transport system," she says. "The landing strips need to be safer not just for indigenous people themselves, but also for government employees who provide health and education services, who use the airstrips all the time."

But so far there’s been no result – despite a court ruling won six years ago by Alexandre Guimarães, obliging the Civil Aviation Authority (ANAC) and other responsible bodies to upgrade airfields. Cecília Apalai talking by radio to the volunteers searching for PT-RDZ "There are 249 landing strips that aren’t regulated by the Civil Aviation Authority and these strips are in indigenous land," he says. "All this is the fault of those state bodies that have not carried out their legal duty to regularise these landing strips."

This would cost a lot of money, but Cecília Apalai says it’s essential because indigenous people are obliged to travel to cities to take advantage of their rights as Brazilian citizens.

Retired people claiming state pensions must present themselves physically at government offices once a year to prove they are still alive.

Roads are non-existent in most of the Amazon, and river transport is often impractical, so privately-chartered air-taxis like PT-RDZ are often the only option, though they are very expensive. A return six-seater charter from Matawaré, the starting point of the doomed flight, to the state capital Macapá might cost 10,000 Brazilian reals (about £2,000). The landing strip at Laranjal, a mining community, is registered – unlike the one at Matarawé Sepi, the older woman on PT-RDZ, was travelling to collect her pension. She is thought to be the last speaker in Matawaré, and one of the last anywhere, of her native language, Akuriyó.

Friends and relatives of the missing began their own search after the suspension of the Air Force mission. They had to walk for eight days from the nearest village, Bona, even before they could establish a base camp near the Independência landing strip that the pilot mentioned in his last call. Then they fanned out methodically every day for several weeks, hacking through the forest in difficult hilly terrain. Find out more

Listen to Abandoned in the Amazon , on Assignment, on the BBC World Service

Click here for transmission times or to listen on BBC Sounds

Eventually, at the end of January, they had to give up. Food supplies – all carried on their backs – had almost run out, and one of the searchers, the father of Pansina Tiriyó, had contracted malaria.

Pansina’s brother, Aksuni, followed the progress of the mission as the searchers radioed in each day to the hostel where he is staying in Macapá.

He still hopes his sister is alive, but accepts that hopes are fading.

"We grew up together, we’re about the same age, and she lived in the next house to mine," he says. "So we were always talking, we were really close. I used to talk to her, play with her… and now maybe I won’t have my sister, I won’t have that close person to be with me." Arinowari, an indigenous organiser, ends a radio conversation with the search team Flavia Moura, daughter of the pilot, Jeziel, says she can’t begin the grieving process until his plane is found. "I know this is a pain that will never heal," she says. "I can’t see him, I can’t bury him, I can’t say goodbye. And I don’t know whether I will see him again one day, or whether I’ll never know what happened."

None of the authorities involved agreed to an interview. But the Brazilian Air Force said in a statement that they had "carried out a search across a total area of 12,550 square kilometres, the equivalent of about 12,000 football pitches. In total, the aircraft involved flew a distance of more than 20,000km, equal roughly to a journey from São Paulo to Tokyo, without finding any sign of the plane."

The Ministry of Defence said that the search "can be reinitiated should any new information emerge."

The Civil Aviation Authority said it was helping to map areas in regions that need landing strips. "The work aims to facilitate access to services, especially health, for the indigenous population. Discussions are now in a final phase and plans will be revealed fully as soon as they are approved." But indigenous organisations aren’t satisfied. Kutanan Waiana, an activist who helped co-ordinate the volunteer search, is one of many who believe the official response to the plane’s disappearance reflects historic racist attitudes to the country’s native ethnic groups.

"When indigenous people disappear, when they go down in a plane, the government only searches for 14 days, because it’s an Indian who’s vanished… who knows where he or she’s gone?" he says. "For us, this says that in effect this government doesn’t want to know about indigenous people, doesn’t want to know about human lives, human beings."

Officials seem to think it’s more important to find minerals for the mining industry than missing indigenous people, he says.

"I think this is the Brazilian government’s lack of respect."

Join the conversation – find us on Facebook , Instagram , YouTube and Twitter .

Kirstjen Nielsen: Walking a tightrope working for Trump

Kirstjen Nielsen: Walking a tightrope working for Trump

The US homeland security secretary has steadfastly defended a border policy that has provoked condemnation because of its impact on children and families. But why has Kirstjen Nielsen’s style also irked her critics?

During a House homeland security hearing on 6 March, Ms Nielsen said that border agents do not put children in cages in detention facilities. She explained: "If you mean a cage like this." She raised her hands above her head and drew an outline of a small, rectangular-shaped dog kennel.

Democrats disagreed. Regardless of the size of the wire-enclosed areas where children were held, the contraptions were still cages, said Bonnie Watson Coleman of New Jersey.

Ms Nielsen acted as an unwavering advocate for the president’s "zero tolerance" border policy and for other measures during the hearing. She expressed staunch support for his national emergency and his wall and said she was working to ensure that the nation’s borders were fully secure.

In April, Jeff Sessions, the US attorney general at the time, announced that authorities would prosecute anyone who crossed the border illegally. He said this new approach – which ended two months later – was aimed as a deterrent to parents with children but as a result, nearly 3,000 youngsters were separated.

The border policies and her defence of them have been contentious, and some experts believe that her gender plays a role in the controversy.

Ruth Ben-Ghiat, a New York University professor who studies propaganda, says that Ms Nielsen has been a powerful spokeswoman for the policies in part because she is a woman.

"It’s very important for normalising this kind of inhumane treatment. She’s the soft face of this hard policy." A migrant mother feeds her daughter in a shelter in Tijuana, Mexico Ms Nielsen has embraced the president’s approach to managing PR crises – dig in your heels and face critics in a blunt, no-nonsense manner. As a woman, though, she has been subjected to particularly sharp criticism – Cruella de Vil, said one, describing her as a Disney villain.

Some appeal to her conscience. "How do you sleep at night?" was the cry while she was dining in a Mexican restaurant last year. Trump’s blame game on separating families

Her position as a high-profile, female member of the president’s cabinet is made more difficult by the fact that the president himself seems old-fashioned in his views of women. He often says he loves women and talks about female beauty. Yet few women wield power in the administration: as an Atlantic study shows, twice as many men as women have been appointed to positions.

The dominance of men over women in the Trump administration occurs at a rate that has not been seen "since the Reagan years", says Debbie Walsh, director of the Center for American Women and Politics at Rutgers University. The moment a migrant mother is reunited with her son Ms Nielsen is one of the only women who serves in the upper echelon of the administration, and her main issue, border security, is of intense interest to the president. Her job is a high-wire act, and she has done it with steely focus and determination.

Some observers say it is her straightforward demeanour and mastery of the brief – not the fact that she is a woman – that makes her a strong advocate for the president’s strategy.

"She’s thought through all these issues at a policy level," says Raj Shah, a former deputy communications director for Trump, adding that her approach to border security is both "effective" and "humane".

Others point out that the president admires a hard-nosed approach in public discourse, whether in a man or a woman. "He appreciates toughness," says the Heritage Foundation’s James Carafano. "The fact that she might ruffle some feathers – I think he’d find that endearing." Separating children from parents, said Rep Lauren Underwood (left), is "immoral" Getting power and holding on to it is tricky for women in any White House, but the process has been particularly fraught in the current one. Two of the most prominent women, Counselor Kellyanne Conway and Press Secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders, work primarily as advisers and spokeswomen – not as policymakers.

Aside from Ms Nielsen, only four women – CIA Director Gina Haspel, Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao and Linda McMahon, the head of Small Business Administration – hold positions in the president’s cabinet.

One woman, Nikki Haley, held a position with a cabinet-level rank as ambassador to the United Nations, but she resigned last autumn.

"It’s kind of a double-edged sword," says Heidi Hartmann, president of a non-profit organisation, the Institute for Women’s Policy Research. in Washington.

"It really is hard for these women to walk the right line – they are seen as either too strong or not strong enough. I think there’s implicit bias." After the "zero-tolerance" policy was put into effect, migrant children were held at a Texas encampment The 47-year-old Ms Nielsen heads up a sprawling agency with more than 200,000 employees. In their offices in northwest Washington, a heavily guarded constellation of buildings, deputies praise her for her work ethic.

After studying at Georgetown University and University of Virginia’s law school, she worked on homeland security issues in the George W Bush administration.

She got to know John Kelly, a former military commander, during Mr Trump’s presidential transition and worked for him while he was secretary of homeland security. She followed him to the White House when he became chief of staff.

When she took over from him as homeland security secretary in December 2017, she brought considerably less experience to the position than her predecessors, and her views on immigration were relatively unknown. Mr Kelly was known as an immigration hawk, but not her.

Her father, James McHenry Nielsen, a Florida doctor, served in the military, and some of her colleagues say that she is driven by a desire to serve the nation rather than by policy goals. Others are less charitable, saying that she is an opportunist: "There’s a lot of perks that go with being a cabinet secretary." New border migrant separations revealed

Setting aside her motives, Nielsen has had a difficult relationship with her boss.

"I want her to get much tougher," he said on Fox News Sunday in November. "We’ll see what happens there."

The New York Times reported that she thought about quitting after being on the receiving end of a Trump tirade over the number of undocumented immigrants who cross the border.

He is hard on members of his cabinet, whether male or female. Still many people say that he speaks differently to her.

"Trump felt like he could rip into her in ways that he didn’t feel like he could with Kelly," says David Martin, who worked as a lawyer for the department of homeland security. "It’s partly because she’s a woman." Former White House officials say Nielsen is an effective advocate In response to the president’s criticism, Ms Nielsen has doubled down on her efforts at ensuring security at the border. The number of apprehensions at the border rose from 51,857 in November 2018 to 66,450 in February 2019, according to the US customs and border protection office.

Her strategy seems to be working – she has remained in her job and received praise from the president’s wife. In November Melania Trump said she was "proud" to be with her at a White House event.

But for progressives, Nielsen’s combative style and the fact that she is a female advocate for the president’s policies has struck a nerve.

Carrie Baker, a women’s studies professor at Smith College in Northampton, Massachusetts, says that she is offended by the way Nielsen argues for policies that could harm women and children.

"They are able to find women to do their evil deeds and defend their misogynist work, and they think that’s a good strategy," Ms Baker says. "I think that’s wrong. Women are seeing through it."

Why so many people leave London

Why so many people leave London

It’s no secret that London has a very successful economy, not just compared with the rest of the UK but with other international cities too.

Over the past decade its economy has expanded by a fifth. Ever more shops, restaurants and bars have opened to serve its residents.

As a result the population of London and the urban area surrounding it has grown significantly, increasing by 1.1 million between 2008 and 2017 to 10 million people.

Yet despite this success story, not everything is going its way.

Many more people pack their bags and leave the capital for elsewhere in England and Wales than make the journey the other way.

Over the past decade, about 550,000 more Britons left London than moved to it.

This trend is not unique to London; it is seen in many big US cities , including New York, Miami, Chicago and Los Angeles. So why has the capital’s population continued to grow despite so many people leaving? It can be explained by two factors. The first was its birth rate: 790,000 more people were born in London than died between 2009 and 2017.

The second factor was international immigration. There was an increase of 860,000 between 2009 and 2017, with more than half coming from the EU. By 2017, 3.6 million people living in the city were born overseas.

Of the Britons moving to the capital, a look at their ages reveals a great deal. A large number of people move to London in their 20s, drawn from all corners of the country. This is because of the range and number of job opportunities that the capital offers. Not going ‘home’

But among almost every other age group, the capital sees more people leaving than arriving.

This is most pronounced for very young children, people aged 18-20 and people in their 30s.

A look at where people move to after leaving the capital offers an insight into why this happens. Young families form a wave of people leaving the capital The 18-20 age group spreads out across the country, especially going to cities such as Nottingham, Coventry and Brighton. The most common reason is to start university.

It is safe to assume the other age groups – the children up to four years old and the 30-somethings – are leaving together. Paddington train station isn’t full of unaccompanied toddlers with their suitcases.

These are the young families moving out of the capital, very often in search of homes for less than London’s notoriously high prices .

Yet this does not mean that they are giving up on London altogether and returning "home" to the other parts of the country they first moved from.

Unlike people moving for university, many stay within commuting distance. Two-thirds of these age groups remain in what might be called "the Greater South East" – an area stretching from Southampton up to Milton Keynes and across to Norfolk.

So while they no longer live in the city, they still have the option to work there.

And the 800,000 people who commute into London each day – more than the entire population of cities such as Leeds and Bristol – suggest that many of them do.

Among those Londoners who remain past their 30s more continue to leave than arrive, albeit in smaller numbers.

These flows of people – the arrival of large numbers of young people and the departure of many of those who are older – also explains why London is such a young city.

With an average age of 37, its population is the sixth youngest of any large town or city in the UK . Oxford, Cambridge and Coventry all have populations with an average age under 36, while in Swansea and Sunderland, it is 41. Outside the capital

London’s experience differs to other big British cities.

Places like Liverpool, Sheffield, Newcastle and Nottingham have also seen their population and economies grow. But the waves of people arriving and leaving are very different.

They see two waves of people leaving – one for those aged 21-30 (many of whom head to London) and a second for people aged over 30.

The inflow and first wave of out-migration is related to universities.

These cities have a number of universities in them and attract many thousands of students from across the country, including London.

More stories like this The UK’s youngest and oldest cities

The UK’s rapid return to city centre living

How many Brits abroad are there?

What Airbnb really does to a neighbourhood

But many of these students leave the cities behind as easily as they moved to them once they graduate.

Taking Liverpool as an example, it sees an inflow of people aged 18-20 from almost every other city in England and Wales. But the opposite trend is seen for 21 to 30-year-olds, with the city losing more of this age group to almost every other city than it gains. However, it is crucial to note that some of these students do stay on.

In the case of Liverpool, one in five of the students who move to the city for university make it their home after graduation. And so the number of highly qualified young people living in the city increases overall.

But like London, these big cities also experience a second wave of people leaving when they hit their 30s.

And like the capital, these people don’t move very far, once again looking for somewhere for their families to live.

For example, people leaving Birmingham tend to head for surrounding Bromsgrove, Shropshire or Staffordshire. And people leaving Newcastle mainly move to neighbouring Northumberland and County Durham. Stages of life

These patterns show that different places offer different things to people as they get older.

The vibrancy and job opportunities offered by our biggest cities appeal to students and young professionals. This shapes these cities in terms of the shops, bars and other facilities they offer.

But among older residents, the desire for things like more space and a less urban environment grows, and many move out.

It reminds us that cities are not islands, with residents flowing in and out of them depending on their stage of life.

With it comes the challenge of making sure there is the right type of housing where people want to live and the transport to get them about.

About this piece

This analysis piece was commissioned by the BBC from experts working for an outside organisation .

Andrew Carter is chief executive and Paul Swinney is director at the Centre for Cities, which describes itself as working to understand how and why economic growth and change takes place in the UK’s cities.

This piece uses data from the ONS on England and Wales’s 58 largest urban areas. Comparable data is not available for Scotland and Northern Ireland.

Edited by Duncan Walker

Holocaust: How Spanish ‘Angel of Budapest’ Sanz Briz saved Jews

Holocaust: How Spanish 'Angel of Budapest' Sanz Briz saved Jews

The diplomatic ID for Angel Sanz Briz issued in 1942 Thousands of Holocaust survivors and their descendants escaped the Nazis thanks to a Spanish diplomat nicknamed "the Angel of Budapest" – yet the late Angel Sanz Briz is hardly known in Spain today.

His improvised heroics in 1944 saved more than 5,000 Hungarian Jews from deportation to Auschwitz.

"He is a hero of greater stature than Schindler," says Eva Benatar. Her mother sheltered her as a baby just weeks old and her brother in one of the safe houses set up by Sanz Briz in Nazi-occupied Budapest.

Oskar Schindler was a German industrialist who managed to save more than 1,000 Jews from the Holocaust. His story was told in the Hollywood movie Schindler’s List. Eva Benatar with one of her grandchildren After the Nazi invasion on 19 March 1944, codenamed Operation Margarethe, the chief SS Holocaust organiser Adolf Eichmann moved to Budapest with a plan to eliminate Hungary’s roughly one million Jews in record time.

Sanz Briz was serving in Spain’s embassy as commercial attaché, before being left in charge of the mission in mid-1944 at the age of 33. He was one of a group of diplomats who decided to rescue Hungarian Jews.

In a matter of weeks the SS deported more than 400,000 Jews to Auschwitz.

One of the Spaniard’s fellow humanitarian conspirators became a household name – Raoul Wallenberg, the Swedish diplomat who issued "protective passports" and saved tens of thousands of Jews.

Wallenberg later disappeared; he was seized by occupying Soviet forces and is widely thought to have died in a Soviet jail. Nazi Germany murdered at least 1.1m people at Auschwitz death camp in Poland The Holocaust year by year

Holocaust hero Wallenberg declared dead

Is this Switzerland’s Schindler?

Auschwitz inmate’s notes from hell finally revealed

Why Sanz Briz took law into his own hands

As reports grew about the escalating Holocaust at Auschwitz and other Nazi killing sites, Sanz Briz started informing the fascist Franco government in Spain about the appalling truth.

A key document he sent was the Vrba-Wetzler report, by two Jewish escapees from Auschwitz .

However, for several months he received no instructions from a regime that had initially backed Hitler in the war. Part of the Vrba-Wetzler report on the Nazi gas chambers at Auschwitz – sent by Sanz Briz to Madrid Remarkably, he began to take the law into his own hands, falsifying consular documents to grant nationality to refugees on the basis of a long-expired 1924 Spanish law aimed at Sephardic Jews, even though Hungary’s Jewish community was overwhelmingly Ashkenazi.

Jews were hidden in the Spanish embassy in Buda, bribes were paid to local officials. Sanz Briz braved the dangers of Nazi and Hungarian fascist Arrow Cross patrols, as well as Allied bombing raids, to shelter Jews at risk. Holocaust row taints Hungary museum project

Israel in Holocaust Danube victim search

"I managed to get the Hungarian government to authorise the protection by Spain of 200 Sephardic Jews. Then I turned those 200 units into 200 families; and those 200 families were multiplied indefinitely, through the simple procedure of not expediting any safe conduct to Jews with a number higher than 200," Sanz Briz wrote in his report for the Spanish government from Berne in December 1944.

"He added letters to each number, using the whole alphabet," explains the diplomat’s son, Juan Carlos Sanz Briz. centro sefarad He was a virtuoso in diplomacy; he put human rights before the law of the land, and was one of the first diplomats to use diplomatic immunity to protect refugees." Juan Carlos Sanz Briz
Son of Angel Sans Briz "It was quite out of character; he was actually a stickler for legality. Diplomats aren’t meant to issue false papers or put the national flag on buildings not part of the diplomatic mission. Safe houses

Sanz Briz’s meticulously recorded final tally came to 232 provisional passports issued to 352 people, as well as 1,898 protective letters, and 15 ordinary passports for 45 Sephardic Jews.

As the Nazis and Hungarian fascists closed in on the city’s Jews, moving them into confined quarters and killing people in the streets, Sanz Briz rented 11 apartment buildings to house the approximately 5,000 people he had placed under Spain’s protection.

In a 2013 interview for Spain’s RNE public radio, Jaime Vándor (recently deceased), who moved to Barcelona with his family after the war, recalled the squalor of those Spanish refuges.

"There were 51 of us living in a flat with two and a half rooms. We were crowded, hungry and cold, infested with fleas. The hygiene was appalling, obviously, with so many people using one toilet. But the worst thing was the fear, the fear of deportation." This Spanish joint passport got the Vándor family to safety from Hungary Ms Benatar’s mother was one of those granted papers by the Spanish embassy after she brandished a postage stamp from Madrid, where Eva’s grandmother had fled before the Nazi invasion.

Born in a cramped cellar, she never met her father, who died in the so-called death marches in early 1945.

But baby Eva, her mother and brother were able to escape Hungary, ending up in Tangier, then an international city, although the family eventually settled in Spain. In 1998 Spain belatedly celebrated Sanz Briz with these 35-peseta stamps Posthumous recognition

Sanz Briz left Budapest in November 1944, ordered out by his superiors in Madrid, who feared he would suffer reprisals from the approaching Soviet army, due to Spain’s help for the Germans on the Eastern front.

He retreated into a regular diplomatic career, and was not permitted by the stridently anti-Israel Franco regime to receive the honour of Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem , Israel’s Holocaust memorial centre, in his lifetime.

He joined the ranks of the righteous in 1966.

An obituary for Sanz Briz published by Spain’s ABC newspaper in 1980 makes no mention of his exploits in Budapest.

"I never talked about this subject with him. It was not something that was discussed at home," says Juan Carlos Sanz Briz. "He must have suffered greatly, but he didn’t tell us that." Spain and the Holocaust

Before Spain returned to democracy in the mid-1970s, the Franco regime had an ambivalent stance on its role in the Holocaust, sometimes claiming that Gen Franco had in fact been a saviour of Jews. centro sefarad Franco needed arguments to improve relations with Israel, and he asked my father to say that he had acted in the head of state’s name. He agreed, but it was completely untrue" Juan Carlos Sanz Briz
Son of Angel Sanz Briz When the Nazis began deporting Jews from France, the Franco regime at first allowed many thousands to flee through Spanish territory, before tightening the policy in 1940.

Jews were refused transit papers, and those caught in the country illegally were rounded up and sent to a concentration camp at Miranda de Ebro.

At no time was any significant number of Jews given the option of refuge in Spain, not even Spanish-speaking Sephardic Jews from the Nazi-occupied Greek city of Thessaloniki.

But there is evidence that Franco began to sense the need to improve his regime’s international image as it became increasingly clear that Hitler was losing the war.

On 24 October, 1944, then foreign minister José Félix de Lequerica sent a telegram to Sanz Briz in Budapest. "On request of the World Jewish Congress please extend protection to largest number persecuted Jews," it said.