Jamaican LGBT group crowdfunding to rebuild ‘Rainbow House’

The J-Flag office in St Andrew was gutted by fire late last year. (PHOTO: J-Flag GoFundMe) Describing itself as Jamaica’s oldest LGBT group, the Jamaica Forum for Lesbians, All-Sexual and Gays (J-Flag) has established a crowdfunding page as it seeks funds to rebuild its office building known as ‘Rainbow House’, that was gutted by fire on December 30, last year.

The fire of unknown origin caused extensive damage to the building, located in St Andrew, as well as its contents.

According to J-FLAG, the estimated loss from the fire is US$50,000 to US$60,000.

“We have received an outpouring of support from the LGBT community, our allies, partners and donors, offering condolences and seeking information on how they can help us in our rebuilding efforts. Thanks to our government and civil society partners who have opened their doors to us, we are slowly resuming operations on a limited basis,” J-Flag said in a statement.

“We are heartened that the important work we do means so much to everyone and we are grateful for any support we can get. Based on our capacity at this time, crowdfunding is the most effective way to reach our recovery goals,” the lobby group added.

Persons and organisations wishing to contribute may do so by sending an email to rebuilding@jflag.org .

The LGBT group said the fire “came on the heels of the commencement of our 20th anniversary celebrations earlier in December. As we celebrated, we reflected on all we have achieved in two decades, and looked forward to and began planning for a renewed and re-energised purpose,” it said.

J-Flag said it was “excited about our next phase of operations in expanding the LGBT movement and securing rights for all members of the community who continue to face a plethora of challenges simply because of who we are, who we love, and how we express ourselves.”

The gay lobby group said that while investigations are still ongoing, there is evidence that the severity of the fire means it has lost most of its files, equipment, furniture and other supplies (cumulatively 90 per cent damage). Among the items lost are computers, projectors, office furniture, refrigerator, and kitchen utensils.

NY Medical Students Push for LGBT Inclusion Training

Medical Students at New York Medical College were disappointed with medical education related to LGBT patients so they want to change the way things are run. Image via NYMC.edu Medical school requires a great deal of hard work and determination, but is the education that medical students receive adequate? Some students wouldn’t say so, namely Sarah Spiegel, who believes that the curriculum surrounding LGBT issues was not as good as it could be, so she and other students decided to take matters into their own hands, according to NPR .

Spiegel was sitting in class during her first year of medical watching a Buzzfeed video about the lives that transgender and intersex people live as well a thirty-minute video on sexual orientation. This was the only LGBT-oriented information offered to the students. She said that the video was fine, but wasn’t adequate for students who will soon be doctors.

During her second year, she became president of the LGBT Advocacy in Medicine Club and gathered her peers to speak to the school’s administration about the lack of LGBT education.

The administration was impressed by Spiegel’s presentation and now NYMC has seven hours dedicated to LGBT-focused education instead of just 1½ hours.

Studies have shown that, in general, medical schools do not do an adequate job at providing LGBT education, which may lead to bias. Because of that, about 20% of LGBTQ people avoid necessary medical care in fear of prejudice.

Dr. Madeleine Deutsch, a professor at the University of California, says that such disparities should be addressed to students. She comments that in general, medical schools address disparities related to ethnicity, race, and socioeconomic status but fail to properly address disparities related to sexual orientation because LGBTQ people have historically not been considered a key population.

Because of the lack of LGBT education, many doctors feel as if they are not properly prepared to care for LGBT patients. In a survey sent to 658 students at New England medical schools, 80% of respondents said that they were "not competent" with medical treatment of LGBT patients.

I have neither the time or patience (nor the ability to deal with blood) to attend medical school but I’m sure that it takes great perseverance. Doctors definitely do good for the world, but many aren’t completely confident in their ability to treat LGBT patients. What Spiegel has done is nothing short of admirable and we can only hope that her determination can reach medical schools across the United States and around the world.

h/t: NPR

Corktown Health Center awarded $1M to focus on needs of ‘LGBT older adults’

Photo by: Sarah Rice/Getty Images SAN FRANCISCO – JUNE 30: A parade goer waves a flag during 43rd annual San Francisco Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) Pride Celebration & Parade June 30, 2013, in San Francisco, California. The annual S.F. Pride Parade occurred just days after same-sex marriages were reinstated in California following the recent Supreme Court rulings. (Photo by Sarah Rice/Getty Images) DETROIT (WXYZ) — Corktown Health Center was recently awarded a two-year grant to help with health needs of older lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender adults in southeast Michigan.

The center will receive $500,000 over a two year period, totaling $1 million. Funding will support the nonprofit’s Silver Rainbow Health Initiative, aimed at assisting older people within the LGBT community. “LGBT persons over 55 years old are less likely than their non-LGBT peers to have a primary care medical home and are more likely to suffer chronic illness and depression,” said Medical Director Dr. LaTonya Riddle-Jones. “And since there is no formal effort to address health needs of LGBT older adults in southeast Michigan, we are thrilled to receive the financial support to launch our Silver Rainbow Health Initiative.” Program initiatives include: Improving the health of LGBT older adults by providing integrated, community-based medical care and supportive services to LGBT persons over the age of 55;

Increasing the capacity of clinical and nonclinical service providers to deliver culturally appropriate services to LGBT older adults through provider education, training and networking;

And promoting the health and service needs of LGBT older persons through data sharing, dialogue and dissemination of best practices.

The Michigan Health Endowment Fund — who awarded the funding — works to improve the health and wellness of Michigan residents and reduce the cost of healthcare.

Copyright 2019 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

US Supreme Court allows Trump transgender military ban

Donald Trump has been pushing for a ban on transgender people serving in the military since 2017 (Alex Wong/Getty) The US Supreme Court has ruled in favour of President Donald Trump’s ban on transgender people serving in the military.

The court voted 5-4 on Tuesday (January 22) in favour of his administration’s request to lift injunctions blocking the policy, which proposes to stop “ transgender persons who require or have undergone gender transition” from serving.

The four liberal justices opposed the ruling.

More to come…

Trans activists hit out at RTÉ for featuring Graham Linehan in new show

Writer and director Graham Linehan. (Andrew H. Walker/Getty) Trans campaigners have called for Father Ted and The IT Crowd writer Graham Linehan to be edited out of an RTÉ television show on trans issues.

Ireland’s national public service broadcaster RTÉ is set to air an episode of its current affairs programme Prime Time on Tuesday night (January 22), which will feature ten contributors and discuss the “growth in the number of young people seeking to change gender” in Ireland.

The show will look at the country’s 2015 Gender Recognition Act, which has been praised by Irish trans campaigners. The law allows people above the age of 18 to legally change their gender using a system of self-identification, meaning that they do not need to have a medical assessment to do so. Trans campaigners call for removal of Graham Linehan from RTÉ show on trans issues

Linehan has previously linked transgender rights activism to Nazism and has repeatedly spoken out against the work of Mermaids UK, which supports gender diverse children, including starting a Mumsnet thread in a bid to stop a £500,000 Big Lottery donation to the charity.

A promotional clip for the pre-recorded show featuring Linehan sparked the creation of a Change.org petition calling for the screenwriter to be removed from the Prime Time programme. The petition has received more than 5,500 signatures at the time of publication.

PinkNews has contacted Linehan’s representative for comment.

Sara Phillips, chair of Transgender Equality Network Ireland (TENI), and who is also featured in the upcoming Prime Time show, said that the trans community’s response to the programme was justified. “It is critically important that contributions to the discussion are knowledgable, nuanced and above all, respectful of trans people and their experiences.”

— Sara Phillips, chair of TENI “The focus of tonight’s programme is a serious and sensitive topic and relates to the lived experience of many young trans people and their families,” Phillips told PinkNews.

“It is, therefore, critically important that contributions to the discussion are knowledgable, nuanced and above all, respectful of trans people and their experiences.

“As such, the reaction of the trans community to the inclusion of contributors who have been vocally disparaging of trans people and who have no direct knowledge or expertise in this area is entirely understandable and should be listened to.” The Change.org petition to remove Graham Linehan from the programme. (Change.org) Ollie Bell, a member of Trans Pride Dublin, which held the Irish capital’s first trans pride event in July, said that they wanted RTÉ to edit Linehan out of the show.

“Our lives are not up for debate. It is disgraceful that Graham Linehan has been invited to speak when he holds such horrific transphobic views, he compares us to Nazis and is going after Mermaids, a charity that helps trans youth,” Bell told PinkNews.

“He has no right to talk about trans issues, this is obviously RTÉ trying to create a fake balance in the debate. “Trans activists should be invited to debate and challenge his views, as well as talk about the need for better trans healthcare.” “Our lives are not up for debate. It is disgraceful that Graham Linehan has been invited to speak when he holds such horrific transphobic views.”

An RTÉ spokesperson, meanwhile, has defended the format of the show.

“Ten contributors representing a broad range of views are interviewed,” the spokesperson told The Times.

“The programme examines the exponential growth in the number of young people seeking to change gender, and the implications of the proposed new law allowing them to do so without their parents’ consent.” Trans campaigners set to protest Prime Time episode

Trans campaigners are expected to protest outside RTÉ’s studios in Dublin on Tuesday evening.

Linehan defended his views on transgender people to The Irish Times in an interview published on Tuesday.

“Some people don’t see the problem repeating the dogma [that] trans women are women,” he said.

The writer added that he had a problem with “privileged white people saying you must accept anyone who says they are a woman.”

‘Dangerous’ Supreme Court Trump military transgender ban ruling condemned

US President Donald Trump speaks to Air Force personnel during an event September 15, 2017 at Joint Base Andrews in Maryland. (Alex Wong/Getty) Transgender people and LGBT+ groups have slammed the US Supreme Court decision to allow President Donald Trump’s ban on transgender troops to come in to effect.

The US Supreme Court voted by 5-4 on Tuesday (January 22) to allow the president’s ban on transgender people serving in the armed forces, overturning a stay issued by lower courts while the issue faces legal challenges.

Brett Kavanaugh and Neil Gorsuch, the two right-wing Supreme Court justices appointed by Trump, were key votes on the issue, overriding the narrow liberal majority that had taken precedent on previous cases relating to LGBT+ rights.

The decision has been slammed by transgender campaigners, allies and LGBT+ groups, who condemned its impact on trans military personnel, and potential wider consequences for other LGBT+ cases pending before the court. Supreme Court Trump military transgender ban ruling ‘creates dangerous environment’

Peter Renn of Lambda Legal , a law firm representing transgender military personnel in the case, said: “The Supreme Court’s decisions today are perplexing to say the least…allowing the administration to begin to discriminate, at least for now, as the litigation plays out.

“For more than 30 months, transgender troops have been serving our country openly with valor and distinction, but now the rug has been ripped out from under them, once again. We will redouble our efforts to send this discriminatory ban to the trash heap of history where it belongs.” Trump military transgender ban ruling: Four transgender military personnel who are plaintiffs in the case brought before the US Supreme Court. (Lambda Legal) OutServe-SLDN Executive Director Andy Blevins said: “For the past two-and-a-half years, thousands of qualified, transgender individuals have made our nation’s armed forces better, in every measurable quality, with their authentic service.

“The Supreme Court’s decision to allow the Trump-Pence Administration to institute their wanting and discriminatory practices while the litigation proceeds is disappointing — our siblings-in-arms deserve better.

“We look forward to continuing our representation of these proud and selfless patriots, and reminding this Administration that military policy cannot be defined by baseless and discriminatory rationalisations.” “They are also weakening the strength of our military and setting a dangerous precedent that puts the safety of our soldiers and nation’s military readiness in jeopardy.”

Sarah McBride of Human Rights Campaign said of the Trump military transgender ban ruling: “Allowing Donald Trump and Mike Pence’s transgender troop ban to go into effect harms both transgender service members and our national security.

“As this critical matter makes its way through the courts, brave transgender patriots deserve to have their constitutional rights protected. Today’s decision thrusts this administration’s discriminatory agenda onto a military that clearly doesn’t want it, and does so at the expense of transgender people’s careers and service – and we remain committed to fighting for all transgender troops.” Celebrities hit out at Trump military transgender ban

Comedian Sarah Silverman tweeted: “1) Are you f**king kidding me?! 2) what other horrible thing is this news a decoy for at the expense of our heroes – our trans military are heroes like the rest — more so —because they have to deal with this shit from people whose lives & way of life they are protecting.”

George Takei added: “Today’s SCOTUS decision permitting the Trump administration to continue its ban on trans servicemembers while the litigation is pending is a travesty of justice and a blow to the heart of all notions of equality and fairness.” Milk screenwriter Dustin Lance Black tweeted: “Trans soldiers deserve better than having their service & bravery banned. It’s un-American. Every citizen who values their own rights & freedoms now has an obligation to stand up for our trans soldiers…or risk normalizing any kind of citizen being stripped of their rights too.” Democrats united in condemning Trump military transgender ban

US House Speaker Nancy Pelosi said: “Donald Trump’s ban on trans Americans serving in our nation’s military was purpose-built to humiliate brave men and women seeking to serve their country. Deeply concerning that the Supreme Court is allowing his ban to proceed for now.”

Senator Kamala Harris, one of the Democratic frontrunners hoping to challenge Trump for president in 2020, said: “Transgender military members have the courage to serve our country and deserve to do so. We have to fight back to reverse this.”

Another rumoured challenger, Senator Bernie Sanders, added: “Discrimination has no place in our military or society. It is my hope that this temporary ruling will not be the final outcome. We must stand with trans service members. Trump’s efforts to divide us will not succeed.” Trump military transgender ban ruling furthers ‘blatant bigotry and discrimination’

American Military Partner Association (AMPA) President Ashley Broadway-Mack said: “Our military families are incredibly alarmed right now by the court’s decision to lift the injunctions that were blocking implementation of the Trump-Pence administration’s unconscionable transgender military ban.

“The thousands of transgender military members and their families serving our nation right now deserve better than this decision, which has compounded the tremendous amount of uncertainty these military families were already facing.

“Our only hope is that justice will ultimately prevail over blatant bigotry and discrimination when the court hears the full arguments of our case.”

Sarah Kate Ellis of GLAAD added: “Not only is the Trump Administration creating a dangerous environment for transgender service members, but they are also weakening the strength of our military and setting a dangerous precedent that puts the safety of our soldiers and nation’s military readiness in jeopardy.

“The American people believe that all qualified patriots willing to serve their country in uniform should be able to do so without intimidation or discrimination, and while the court’s decision today is a setback, fairness and equality must prevail in the end.”

Girl ‘raped by stepdad, told by dad she deserved it for being a lesbian’

The 14-year-old girl in Chile (not pictured) has allegedly been beaten for being a lesbian (Pexels) A 14-year-old girl in Chile has allegedly been raped by her stepfather and told by her father that she deserved it for being a lesbian.

The girl told Chilean LGBT+ group the Movement of Homosexual Integration and Liberation (Movilh) that she was raped by her stepfather in 2017, in the home they share with her mother.

She said she kept quiet about the attack until December 4 last year, when she told her 16-year-old partner.

The girl and her partner reportedly confronted her mother on January 14, telling her to take action. Chile has some way to go to guaranteeing LGBT rights (PABLO VERA/AFP/Getty) Instead of reporting the allegations to the police, she sent her daughter to live with the girl’s evangelical father, who, according to Movilh, has previously assaulted her because of her sexual orientation.

Since then, the girl has allegedly been held prisoner in her father’s house, where she has been beaten and prevented from seeing or communicating with anyone. Her father told her that she deserved to be raped for being a lesbian, and that he was hitting her with a leash to “get the bad out,” according to Movilh. Girl who was ‘told she deserved to be raped for being a lesbian’ removed from father’s home

After Movilh’s lawyer, Monica Arias, reported the allegations to the prosecutor’s office, the organisation was told on Tuesday (January 22) that The Children’s Ombudsman would intervene in the courts in favour of the girl, according to The Times Chile .

The girl has now been removed from her father’s home, according to Arias, and taken into police custody “for the performance of examinations, while the Prosecutor’s Office will order the Family Court to apply precautionary measures.” “Everything indicates that the biological father is a danger to the girl, because he has insulted and beaten her because of her sexual orientation.”

Movilh’s leader, Rolando Jiménez, said: “We deeply value the concern of the Children’s Ombudsman’s Office to help a girl who is injured at a younger age, female and a lesbian.

“The abuse suffered by her has dismayed us and we trust that by joining forces with the Children’s Ombudsman’s Office, we will soon be able to resolve the situation of vulnerability that still affects the girl .

“Everything indicates that the biological father is a danger to the girl, because he has insulted and beaten her because of her sexual orientation and according to the complaint we received, he wounded her with a leash after the rape, saying that she deserved what happened because she is a lesbian.”

The LGBT+ group added in a statement: “We will not be calm until the child leaves the father’s house permanently and until he and the stepfather are sanctioned by justice.

“In parallel we will manage the possibility of the girl going to live with her partner and her (partner’s) mother, as they are the only people who have given her protection and affection.”

Evangelicals suing Maryland over gay cure therapy ban

Mat Staver of Liberty Counsel is seeking to challenge a ban on gay cure therapy Evangelical law firm Liberty Counsel has launched a legal challenge against Maryland’s ban on gay cure therapy.

Maryland is among 16 US states that have passed laws banning gay cure therapy for minors , seeking to tackle damaging attempts to ‘cure’ LGBT+ teens.

However, anti-LGBT law firm Liberty Counsel is looking to have the gay cure therapy ban struck down, filing a federal lawsuit on January 21 seeking an injunction barring it from coming into effect.

The law firm claims religious therapists have a right to provide “therapy to children and adolescents who want to reduce or eliminate unwanted same-sex attractions or gender confusion,” arguing the law infringes on Constitutional religious freedom and free speech protections. Liberty Counsel: Gay cure therapy ban ‘violates religious freedom’

Liberty Counsel chair Mat Staver said : “This counseling ban is unconstitutional and causes harm to counselors and clients in Maryland.

“The law is a gross intrusion into the fundamental rights of counselors and clients. Every person should have access to the counselor of their choice.

“No government has the authority to prohibit a form of counseling simply because it does not like the religious or moral beliefs of a particular counselor or client.”

Liberty Counsel has filed a spate of lawsuits challenging LGBT+ rights protections in the past few months, seeking to capitalise on a conservative US Supreme Court majority that is likely to side against LGBT+ rights in most key decisions. Liberty Counsel is listed anti-LGBT hate group

Liberty Counsel is best known for representing embattled Kentucky clerk Kim Davis when she refused to issue marriage licences to same-sex couples after a US Supreme Court decision to legalise gay marriage.

The same law firm also represented baker Jack Phillips , who sought the freedom to deny service to LGBT+ customers based on his religious beliefs.

The law firm recently lobbied to strip LGBT+ protections from an anti-lynching bill . Founder and Chairman of the Liberty Counsel Mat Staver speaks during live nativity scene outside of the U.S. Supreme Court on December 12, 2018 in Washington, DC. (Zach Gibson/Getty) Liberty Counsel is classified as a hate group by extremism watchdog the Southern Poverty Law Center due to its extreme views and history of spreading anti-LGBT propaganda.

Mat Staver previously made a false claim that first responders at the 2016 Pulse gay club attack had to “get tested for AIDS-related conditions” because of the blood of gay victims.

Liberty Counsel has previously admitted helping state Republican lawmakers to draft anti-LGBT legislation , as well as attempting to push anti-LGBT laws around the world.

Hollyoaks star Jimmy Essex gets engaged to long-term partner Charles

The couple got engaged in Sri Lanka (jimmy_essex/instagram) Hollyoaks actor Jimmy Essex has got engaged to his partner of six years.

Essex revealed on Monday (January 21) that his fiance, a musician called Charles, had proposed to him with a diamond ring during the pair’s holiday in Sri Lanka . “So … this happened. ”

— Hollyoaks star Jimmy Essex The 30-year-old star, who played Adam Donovan on Hollyoaks , shared a photo of him and Charles kissing on Instagram with the caption: “So … this happened. ”

Charles also posted a series of photos of the adorable couple enjoying their engagement in south-west Sri Lanka.

He wrote: “6 years and counting… He said yes ” alongside pictures of them grinning and embracing, before following that up by writing: “Engagement party pending…”

And in his Instagram story on Tuesday (January 22), Charles included a picture of the newly engaged couple with the caption: “Couldn’t be happier.” Fans of Jimmy Essex and Hollyoaks celebrate engagement

The announcement prompted an outpouring of love and joy from his fans, including Blue singer and former Hollyoaks star Duncan James , who commented: “Awwwwwww massive congrats guys xxx” on Essex’s post.

Actress Tamara Wall, who starred alongside Essex in Hollyoaks until his character was killed off in May 2018, also sent her congratulations.

She wrote on his post: “Best thing ever!!!!!!!” Charles posted this photo of the pair grinning happily (charlesmusic_/instagram) Other followers were also delighted, with one typical comment reading: “So so happy for you babe!! Sending you the biggest congrats” and another saying: “YES YOU QUEENS I LOVE YOU THIS HAS MADE MY DAY.”

A different fan wrote: “SO THIS HAPPENED MY FEELS @jimmy_essex Congratulations!!” One user said: “congratulations to you both!!! What amazing wedding pics you’re gonna have!”

And another commenter told the newly engaged pair: “You deserve all the happiness in the world x.” “I’m equally jealous and happy for u guys. I hope he realises how beautiful a guy he’s got”

— @andrewbuchan1952, a fan of Jimmy Essex Some were slightly jealous of the pair’s happiness.

One such fan commented: “I’m equally jealous and happy for u guys.

“I hope he realises how beautiful a guy he’s got @jimmy_essex all hail babe xxx.”

A different follower who was coming to terms with their disappointment wrote: “Absolutely heart broken but absolutely over the moon for you both Congratulations x x x .”

Some were caught especially unawares, like the fan who said: “I can’t believe [he’s] gay I’m actually heart broken I think this has broken me more than my divorce .”

And another of these people commented: “Didn’t know he was gay… congratulations and hope you’re very happy!! .”

Brexit: A guide to MPs’ Brexit amendments

MPs are trying to change the course of Brexit in a number of ways, after rejecting the deal the prime minister struck with the European Union.

Theresa May will return to the Commons on 29 January to set out the next steps in the process.

However, the opposition and backbench MPs have been tabling amendments to her motion in a bid to force the government to change direction.

Several different courses have been proposed and, in normal circumstances, one would be selected for 90 minutes of debate.

However, it is expected that the government will allow time for MPs to discuss more options.

The proposals are below. Use our guide to Brexit jargon or click on the links for further explanation. Your guide to Brexit jargon

Enter the word or phrase you are looking for Labour frontbench amendment

Instructs the government to rule out a "disastrous No Deal" scenario and allow Parliament to consider – and vote on – options including: An alternative Brexit deal involving its plan for a permanent customs union with Brussels and a version of the EU’s single market

Legislating to hold a public vote on either a deal or a proposition that has MPs’ support

It is thought this amendment would struggle to get the backing it needs from Conservative backbenchers to succeed in forcing the government’s hand. Labour MP Yvette Cooper’s amendment

Attempts to rule out the UK leaving the EU without a formal deal (the no-deal option is supported by some Brexiteers but many MPs fear it will cause chaos at ports and disruption for businesses) by allowing parliamentary time to pass a new law.

The bill to bring in the new law would require Theresa May to seek to postpone Brexit day (currently 29 March) until 31 December, if MPs do not approve her deal by 26 February.

The prime minister would do this by asking the EU to agree to extend the two-year limit on Article 50 – the mechanism paving the way for the UK to leave the EU.

With the backing of senior Conservative backbenchers such as Nicky Morgan and Oliver Letwin, former Lib Dem health minister Norman Lamb and Plaid Cymru’s Ben Lake, it is thought the initial amendment has a good chance of success. Conservative MP Dominic Grieve’s amendment

Forces the government to make time for MPs to discuss a range of alternatives to the prime minister’s Brexit plan on six full days in the Commons before 26 March.

MPs would be able to table amendments to be voted on at the end of the debate, which could include alternative Brexit options such as Labour’s plan, a second referendum, no deal and the Norway-style relationship preferred by some MPs.

This has the backing of some Labour backbenchers, as well as the SNP’s Philippa Whitford, Lib Dem Tom Brake, Plaid Cymru’s Jonathan Edwards and Caroline Lucas, of the Greens. Labour MP Stella Creasy’s amendment

Requires the government to ask the EU to postpone Brexit day and give the public more say in the Brexit process through a 250-member "Citizens’ Assembly".

This would: comprise a "representative sample of the population" to make recommendations on the Brexit process after 10 weeks of consideration

be supported by an "expert advisory group"

require the government to respond within two weeks

Labour MP Hilary Benn’s amendment

Calls on the government to hold a series of "indicative votes", allowing MPs to indicate whether they might support the following options: To vote again on Theresa May’s deal in its current form, which sets out the terms of the UK’s withdrawal – including a "transition period" aimed at minimising disruption – and outlines future relations with the EU

To leave with a "no-deal" exit , without any such agreements and no transition period

To request the government tries to renegotiate the deal by seeking to either change the Irish "backstop" arrangement, pursue a " Canada-style" deal or aim to join the EEA and remain in the EU’s customs union

Hold a referendum to allow British people to decide on the kind of Brexit deal they want

Labour MP Rachel Reeves’ amendment

Requires the government to ask the EU to postpone Brexit day. Dame Caroline Spelman (Conservative) and Jack Dromey (Labour) amendment

Attempts to prevent a "No-Deal" Brexit by adding to the PM’s motion that Parliament "rejects the United Kingdom leaving the European Union without a Withdrawal Agreement and a Framework for the Future Relationship ". Conservative MP Andrew Murrison’s amendment

Attempts to win round moderate opponents of the arrangement to avoid the return of customs checks at the Irish border by adding to the PM’s motion that Parliament "insists on an expiry date to the backstop".

However, when previously suggested, this option was strongly opposed by the Irish government . Irish Foreign Minister Simon Coveney said the EU would never agree to it. What happens if they succeed?

None of these amendments, if successful, would be binding on the government, although support for any of them would put political pressure on Theresa May to follow their direction.

However, if Yvette Cooper’s amendment was successful, and she then managed to get MPs to approve her bill, it would become law and so place an obligation on the government.