The LGBT Resource Center at Syracuse University is currently searching for an assistant director. Three candidates will come to campus this week to give presentations about the changes they’d make in the position. The LGBTQ community at Syracuse University and SUNY-ESF held the first of three presentations on Wednesday as the LGBT Resource Center searches for a new assistant director.
Kaelae Shaner, the first of the three candidates to speak this week, gave a 30-minute presentation focused on fostering active outreach through a social media plan, scholarship assistance and various programming changes. About 10 people attended the forum. Two other candidates will speak on Thursday and Friday.
Shaner said the university needs to make sure students feel comfortable on campus.
“The first person you come out to is yourself,” Shaner said. “So we have to start from there as a baseline. Is someone comfortable enough to come out to themselves?”
She said SU needs to be a safe place for undergraduate students to develop their identities, as well as their professional and academic careers. She said implementing curriculum changes, establishing role models and building a sense of community can help do that.
Candidates were asked to develop a presentation describing their background as it applies to advising and supporting the LGBTQ student community, according to a sheet given to the audience. The presentations needed to articulate the developmental needs of the community and discuss a plan to develop a year-long leadership program, per the sheet. Participants were asked to assess and rate the candidate in terms of strengths and concerns.
Shaner, a transgender woman, was the president of the undergraduate Gay Straight Alliance at Penn State Brandywine and an admissions officer at Strayer University. She has also worked in student financial services.
Based on her previous experiences, she pointed to the need for LGBTQ inclusion in the classroom and across disciplines. She also said resources needed to be available for students that may be marginalized.
An inclusive admissions policy and access to financial resources are a facet of LGBTQ inclusion, she said.
“Not a lot of students within our community are aware of scholarship opportunities, financial aid opportunities … those are huge,” she said. “So I think those will be massively helpful.”
Shaner used the ADDIE model to outline her plan for a leadership program. ADDIE stands for assess, develop and design, implement and evaluating. Shaner said she’s seen success using the model with LGBTQ community members before.
This model at SU, Shaner said, would include the following: Identifying challenges in the campus climate
Expanding programs already offered, such as developing an LGBT Resource Center-specific social media presence
Launching an LGBT Resource Center app
Fostering a sense of familial ties among the LGBTQ community on campus
Increasing peer mentorship
Using available resources to create active connections
This process involves constant self-evaluation, she added, and being ahead of the curve compared to the national climate.
“Our campus policies really should not wait for national policy,” she said.
The LGBT Resource Center, located at 750 Ostrom Ave., aims to serve people with marginalized genders and sexualities by offering support, building community and educating community members. Part of its mission is to create a safer campus that promotes the understanding and empowerment of people with these marginalized identities.
khristian kemp-delisser was appointed as the center’s permanent director in February. They started at SU on April 2.
In a Monday email, kemp-delisser said a strong pool of applicants was carefully screened before bringing the three candidates to SU.
The other two presentations will take place in Bird Library on Thursday and Friday, both from 11 a.m. to noon. Jorge Castillo will present on Thursday, and Carl Kalmick will present on Friday.
Opinion: Why leadership development training has not been effective As a new financial year looms, Sonia McDonald CEO & Founder LeadershipHQ, makes two suggestions to enhance leadership development initiatives
Developing a high-performance workplace culture Michael Minns provides his insights into creating a high-performance culture where productivity, performance and people prosper
Equality in the workplace is about more than just hiring diversely and fulfilling inclusive quotas – it’s a shift in mindset that needs to come from the very top.
We spoke to Alim Dhanji, chief operating officer at The LGBT Foundation – who revealed how being ‘out’ in an inclusive atmosphere helped his leadership skills.
So, what is The LGBT Foundation? According to Dhanji, it’s a community which strives for global equality.
“By harnessing the power and potential of blockchain technology and other technological innovations, the Foundation will foster greater acceptance of the LGBT community, drive positive social change for the community’s benefit, and protect vulnerable community members,” added Dhanji.
“By tokenizing the Pink Dollar, the Foundation will empower the LGBT community to exert its considerable economic might, provide a safe and secure environment to access cryptocurrencies and other products and services, and enable members to verify and protect their identities as required.”
We asked Dhanji how important he thinks diversity is in business at the moment, to which he replied “critical”.
“Now, more than ever, diversity in all forms is imperative for businesses to nurture innovation, gain a competitive edge, create a progressive workplace culture to attract and retain the best and brightest,” he continued.
“There have been many credible research studies concluding that diversity improves the bottom line. Businesses that don’t embrace diversity will be left behind.”
When employers go about implementing a supportive cultural structure in their organization, some can make the mistake of thinking that overcompensating in regards to LGBT employees is the answer. However, Dhanji is quick to point out that the real mission should be striving for ‘equality’ in all things.
“Equality doesn’t have to mean disadvantaging one for the benefit of the other,” he told us.
“Advancement of LGBT people requires having a workplace culture where everyone can be their whole-self with policies that aren’t discriminatory or exclusionary on the basis of sexual orientation. Talented LGBT people have choices – they will want to work where they won’t be held back for being themselves. By celebrating – not merely tolerating – diversity, a workplace will bring out the best from people particularly from those who have traditionally been marginalized.
“I joined TD as a vice president and was promoted to senior vice president. Being gay was never a factor in my promotion – as a concern nor as an advantage. However, being out publicly in a very inclusive culture enabled me to be a better leader. The tone was set from our CEO – I knew early on even as I joined TD through my final interview with Ed Clark (former CEO, TD) that being gay and out wouldn’t come in the way of a career at TD. Tone (from the top), culture and inclusive policies make it fair for advancing everyone, not just certain groups.”
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Asda has suspended a controversial £99 petrol pump deposit trial after an outcry from customers.
Those using pay-at-the-pump facilities at certain petrol stations were debited £99 on top of their fuel purchase.
Asda said the deposit was a holding charge to ensure customers had enough money to pay for their fuel.
But following the backlash, Asda said it would "suspend" the scheme pending review because "we always want to do the right thing for our customers".
One customer, Jade Louise, took to Facebook when she saw a £99 debit on her online bank after topping up at the weekend.
But the money never left her account, according to the supermarket and banks.
The trial was introduced at three petrol stations to assess if it would help cut down fraud and stop people inadvertently going into the red.
The deposit is intended to be cancelled as soon as the correct value is paid.
However, Asda said the scheme requires coordination between MasterCard and Visa and customers’ banks. Some banks are not able to comply, the supermarket said.
In a statement, Asda said: "The intention of Visa and MasterCard in this trial was to ensure customers had sufficient funds in their account to pay for their fuel, and the £99 would be immediately released back to customers by their bank.
"Whilst we have received very few complaints about this process, until we can be given assurance that all banks are able to comply with the Visa and MasterCard rule change, we cannot continue to implement this change and risk harming our customers’ trust in us." Change in the rules
Mastercard told the BBC that a change in industry rules last year meant that petrol stations with automated fuel pumps were required to pre-authorise a value equivalent to a full tank of fuel. Jade Louise says she won’t be using pay-at-the-pump for a while. Previously, motorists had just £1 taken from their accounts as a pre-authorisation to confirm that their card was valid.
Ms Louise got a shock when she viewed her online statement after buying £5 worth of petrol at Asda in Dewsbury over the Bank Holiday weekend.
She used the pay-at-the-pump system which allows motorists to buy petrol without having to go into a kiosk.
"All I wanted to do was top up my almost full tank, because having two children, you never know when you’ll need it," she told the BBC.
So when she saw the £99 pending transaction on her account, she took to Facebook to warn others of the charge.
"They should have notices on the petrol pumps making customers aware of this …. absolute joke!!!", she wrote.
She said she is happy Asda has stopped the trials "because they haven’t thought carefully enough about what could go wrong and how it could negatively impact their customers".
"I won’t be using pay at the pump fuel stations for the foreseeable future." One solution, she says, is: "Bring back manned stations and give people work."
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Yaya Toure has won three league titles, an FA Cup and two League Cups in his time at Manchester City TEAM NEWS
Yaya Toure is expected to make his final appearance for Manchester City on Wednesday as his trophy-laden eight-year spell at the club nears an end.
Vincent Kompany remains a fitness doubt but full-back Benjamin Mendy might make his first start since September.
Brighton & Hove Albion could be unchanged from the team that beat Manchester United on Friday.
Manager Chris Hughton has no fresh injury concerns, with midfielder Steve Sidwell the only absentee. WHAT THE MANAGERS SAY
Manchester City manager Pep Guardiola on Yaya Toure: "Without doubt he was, and is, one of the most important players in the whole history of this club. We will try and play for him and win for him.
"Yaya is part of the club, not just because of the trophies he has won but because he transmitted to everyone the club can be bigger and greater.
"I wish him well. His desire is to stay playing and he can do a job in the Premier League for another club next season. He will decide what is best for him."
Brighton & Hove Albion manager Chris Hughton: "Huddersfield showed what you have to do to have any chance of getting anything [away to Manchester City].
"We’ve managed to get some good results against the top six at home and make games as close as possible – at Tottenham away and Chelsea away, for long periods we were very much in the game.
"This is our challenge and I want to be as good as we can in these [two remaining] games." LAWRO’S PREDICTION
Manchester City can still break the Premier League points and goals record for a season – and reach 100 points in total. So they have got plenty to play for and, because the pressure is off Brighton now, I don’t think they will play with the kind of intensity that saw Huddersfield hold out for 90 minutes at the Etihad.
Prediction: 3-0 Think you can do better than Lawro? Predict the score for this match and the rest of this round’s Premier League fixtures in our Predictor game .
Head-to-head Manchester City host Brighton & Hove Albion in a league fixture for the first time since a 2-1 win in the second tier in September 1988.
The Seagulls have never won a league match away to City, drawing twice and losing the other five games.
Brighton’s two top-flight victories in this fixture both came at home: 4-1 in December 1979, and again in October 1981 (D2, L5).
Manchester City The champions only require two points from their final two matches to set a Premier League record tally for a single season, eclipsing the 95 earned by Chelsea in 2004-05.
City need two wins to become the first team to reach 100 points in an English top-flight campaign. The record – based on three points for a win – is held by Liverpool, who claimed the equivalent of 98 points across 42 games in 1978-79.
One more victory would equal the top-flight record of 31 in a season, set by Tottenham in 1960-61.
Pep Guardiola’s side are two goals shy of breaking Chelsea’s Premier League record of 103 in a single season.
Manchester City’s club record for most goals scored in a top-flight season is 107, which they achieved in 1936-37.
Raheem Sterling has scored 49 goals in 191 Premier League appearances. He could become the 11th player to reach 50 goals before his 24th birthday.
Brighton & Hove Albion Brighton’s 1-0 home win over Manchester United at the weekend ended a six-match run without a victory.
They are striving to record three consecutive clean sheets in the top flight for the first time since January 1982.
However, the Seagulls have gone 11 Premier League away matches without a win since beating Swansea on 4 November (D4, L7).
Brighton have lost all four of their away games against the top-six clubs without scoring a goal.
They are the division’s lowest scorers away from home, with just nine goals.
Chris Hughton’s only win as a manager against Manchester City in seven attempts came when his then-Norwich side were 3-2 victors at the Etihad Stadium on the final day of the 2012-13 season.
SAM (Sports Analytics Machine) is a super-computer created by @ProfIanMcHale at the University of Liverpool that is used to predict the outcome of football matches.
The phrase "involuntary celibate" has taken on a new meaning since the Toronto terror attack last month. But celibacy itself is nothing new. "Joseph", who is 60 and a widower, did not have sex until his late 30s – and not through choice. Here he shares his story.
Sexual relationships and intimate relationships never developed for me and so I remained a virgin until my late 30s. I have no idea how unusual that is but I experienced a sense of shame, and I felt stigmatised.
I was a terribly shy and anxious person, but not isolated. I always had friends but I was never able to translate that into intimate relationships.
At school and sixth form I was surrounded by girls and women, but I never made the kind of move that is probably quite a normal one to make.
By the time I reached university, my pattern was set – not having relationships was what I expected. A lot of it was due to a lack of self-esteem and a deep sense that people would not find me attractive.
If you go through your late teens and early 20s without going out with people, you don’t have the evidence that builds up and says: "Yes, people can like me because look: I’ve had that girlfriend and that girlfriend." That allows the sense that you are unattractive to persist and to be reinforced. I never spoke to my friends about it, and they didn’t ask. I would have been quite defensive if they had, to be honest, because I was developing a sense of shame about it.
It may not be true that society judges people for not having sex. But I think when anything is perceived to be outside of normal then it’s liable to be seen as deviant in some way.
I feel there’s a cultural investment in "success" with women – if you think about popular songs and films, of coming-of-age movies, they will quite often be about early relationships and there’s a cultural "thing" about becoming a man. If you think about the Frankie Valli song "Oh what a night" it’s the sense that she took the boy and turned him into a man.
All of that promoted in me a sense of shame. Most of my friends had girlfriends. I watched from the sidelines while they were starting relationships and, later, getting married. That had a corrosive effect on my self-esteem, in a drip-drip way.
I was lonely and quite depressed – although I didn’t recognise it then. That might have been about not having a sexual relationship, but it was also about a lack of intimacy.
I look back now and for about 15, probably 20 years, I really wasn’t touched by a human being or held by anyone apart from immediate members of my family, like my mum, my dad and my sisters. Apart from that, any sort of physical, intimate contact was absent. So it’s not just about sex.
If I saw somebody who I fancied, I didn’t feel any excitement or pleasure – instead, my instant reaction was one of sadness and depression. I had a sense of hopelessness about it all. Find out more
Listen to Anna Foster’s interview with Joseph on Thursday 10 May on BBC 5 Live from 10:00
You can listen here
I didn’t have a fear of rejection – the idea of rejection was irrelevant because I was so certain that no-one would be reciprocating any attraction I felt.
It might have been a defence mechanism on my part, but I developed a deep feeling that it might be wrong to approach women and that it might be an imposition on them. I was certainly never going to be that guy who "used" women.
I felt women had the right to go about everyday life and enjoy a night out without having anyone approach them.
I often became friends with women I was attracted to. I’m sure many of them were completely unaware of my romantic feelings.
At the time I would have been certain that they didn’t want me. From where I stand now looking back, I honestly don’t know. I don’t think I had the attractiveness of confidence.
A woman never asked me out – that would have been nice! Perhaps it was less acceptable to do so at the time.
I became clinically depressed in my mid-to-late-30s, so I saw my GP and I was prescribed antidepressants, and I also started having counselling. That’s when things changed. First of all I gained a little bit of confidence in myself through the counselling. Secondly I think the antidepressants might have had an impact – I think they can act as a little bit of an anti-shyness pill.
Plus I’d grown up a bit.
I found myself asking somebody out, and that then turned into a brief relationship.
I remember being anxious and nervous on the first date. But I felt, "This is nice, I like this." So I asked her out again afterwards, she said yes, and things developed from there. Only a few weeks after that first date, we became physically intimate. You hear those cliches of teenage fumbling – well, I wasn’t a teenager, so I found I knew what to do. I also found it was exciting and pleasurable. Some people say the first time isn’t good, but it was good.
I didn’t tell her I was a virgin, but had she asked me, I would have been open.
I met my wife about 18 months later, at work. I noticed her immediately. She was really pretty with lovely huge eyes – a dreamy look.
I didn’t ask her out directly, but I asked a mutual friend if she was spoken for. She ended up acting as a bit of a matchmaker.
Our first date was on my 40th birthday and we married 18 months after that.
She was very special.
I was lucky when she fell for me, she gave me complete and unconditional love and that’s rare. And I’m lucky to have had it.
When I spoke with her about my sexual history she was totally accepting and non-judgmental so it was fine. Our relationship was so strong emotionally and there was never an ounce of criticism in her – to be with her was simple. We were married for 17 years. Sadly she passed away nearly three years ago now, so that was traumatic. I always feel that I met her too late and lost her too early, but then again I’m not sure she would have found me attractive if she had met me when I was young.
I look back on my youth with a sense of regret. It’s almost as though I am grieving for something that didn’t take place. I feel there’s a stack of fond memories that aren’t available to me, or a set of experiences that I didn’t have.
I don’t know what it’s like to be in love when you’re young, I don’t know what it’s like to take those steps in the world with a member of the opposite sex, that experimental, fun time – and that leaves me with a sense of regret.
So the first thing I would say to anybody in that situation now is: "Do take it seriously."
And we should think about intervening if we notice it. How we do that, I’m at a loss to say because if someone had asked me about it, I would have denied the problem. But some people will be in a position to notice.
The thing is, people like me – like I was – aren’t going to be on anyone’s radar. We tend to worry about when young people do things perceived to be risky – drug-taking, knife crime, early sexuality and those kinds of things. So not doing something isn’t something we tend to worry about.
But if you know somebody who’s never had a girlfriend or a boyfriend, perhaps don’t assume that’s what they want. Try and be supportive – probably not by directly asking them, "Why don’t you ever go out with anyone?" But by being encouraging and explaining that everybody has doubts when they first ask someone out.
It’s OK to be nervous, but it’s also OK to have the desire to want to be with someone. All of these feelings are part of humanity, and if you deny yourself that then you deny yourself part of a human experience.
One of the things that most worries me about the publicity around the Toronto attack [in which 10 people were killed by Alek Minassian who identified with the "incel" or "involuntary celibate" movement] is that people who are still looking for love may feel stigmatised and have a sense of shame.
It might perpetuate the idea that people who have yet to find love are socially awkward and in some way weird. I felt I was perfectly normal before I found my wife and I was perfectly normal after – I didn’t change. There is nothing unusual about me.
There are plenty of people looking for love who are not hate-filled. It would be a shame if we conflated whatever drove the Toronto attacker with people looking for a human need.
There is no right or entitlement to being loved or finding love, but looking for love is still a valid wish in life. Not having love is not anybody’s fault, it’s just circumstances. You may also like
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A makeshift dressing room for touring Old Vic actors London has always been the undisputed heart of British theatre – except, that is, for two years in the 1940s, when the country’s top drama, opera and ballet companies were based in Burnley.
It was with both pride and surprise that a programme for a show at Burnley’s Victoria Theatre in January 1941 noted that the Lancashire town, built on mills and mines, had suddenly become "the most important creative centre in the English theatre".
Burnley had acquired its somewhat unlikely status when the illustrious performers and crew from London’s Old Vic and Sadler’s Wells relocated there to escape the Blitz.
The wartime evacuation of the Old Vic – which is celebrating its 200th birthday on 11 May – remains one of the most curious periods in the theatre’s history.
As well as Friday’s bicentenary, there’s another anniversary – 10 May marks exactly 77 years since the historic Waterloo venue took a direct hit from a German bomb.
Like most London venues, the Old Vic had already shut by then, and the theatre’s company had moved north, along with its sister ballet and opera companies from Sadler’s Wells, whose home had been converted into a refuge centre. The thespians made their homes in Burnley, with its "dark throbbing factories" These grand companies made their makeshift base at Burnley’s Victoria Theatre, to the delight of local audiences. From there, they also embarked on far-reaching tours to village halls and miners’ institutes across the north of England and Wales.
The hub of this activity was an office in a "quaintly decayed slum building" (with an outside toilet) in the town centre, amid Burnley’s "dark throbbing factories [and] black forbidding tabernacles", as Vic-Wells director Tyrone Guthrie put it.
But at least Burnley was out of the way of the German bombs, and any apprehension about the companies’ temporary home was soon overcome by the warmth of the reception from the locals.
"By the third day, strangers were greeting me in the street, and asking me how I was getting on," the Old Vic’s booking agent Charles Landstone wrote in his memoir, Off Stage.
The move was "hugely successful in every possible way", and the thespians enjoyed their stay in Burnley, according to Dr Christopher Fitz-Simon, who published Rise Above!, a collection of Guthrie’s letters, earlier this year.
"It’s a British thing that they keep smiling in spite of adversity, and the people of Burnley were very welcoming to these peculiar artists that turned up, and these artists were very happy to be out of London because of the bombing," he says.
The unexpected relocation gave the company a chance to take their work to parts of the country that hadn’t experienced top-quality drama, opera and ballet for years. The Old Vic in London’s Waterloo is 200 years old on Friday The programme for the opening show in Burnley in January 1941 read: "For too long London and the great metropolitan cities have owned altogether too much of the cultural life of the country.
"One of the most important and encouraging symptoms of the turmoil which we are now enduring is the dispersal of the treasures and art and culture throughout a wider area of the land, and a wider range of the people."
In the Burnley office, the Old Vic and Sadler’s Wells staff organised up to four tours to be on the road at any one time – two drama, one opera and one ballet.
Sadler’s Wells ballet – which later became the Royal Ballet – had recently had a narrow escape in Holland, where they were touring when the Nazis invaded.
Upon returning to England, they headed north with dancers including a 21-year-old Margot Fonteyn. However, when they performed in Burnley, Landstone said, "the idea of ballet was still so foreign and strange outside London, that the auditorium did not begin to fill until the second week".
Of the two Old Vic drama companies that went on the road, one was initially sent to south Wales while the other toured north-west England. Actor Lewis Casson driving the furniture van that transported scenery on tour The north-west cast included Shakespearean grandee Ernest Milton, Sonia Dresdel (who would become best known for the 1948 Oscar-nominated The Fallen Idol), Esme Church and Alec Clunes (father of Doc Martin star Martin).
In keeping with the wartime spirit, these stars had to make the best of the meagre resources and facilities, and there was little trace of showbusiness luxury or glamour, even by the standards of the day.
Shakespeare’s King John, which Landstone noted was "the most important Shakespearean production of 1941", first faced an audience on an "improvised stage" at Lancaster Town Hall.
But "the audience at Lancaster were as enthusiastic as any London first night audience", he recalled.
Landstone also relayed how, after getting lost for several hours driving back to Burnley in the blackout, he was locked out of his digs and ended up sleeping in the office on a bed made of "a dozen Shakespearean costumes which happened to be lying about".
The King John tour ended in Harrogate, where the company, "much to its disgust", was asked to sleep in cabins in the town’s swimming baths. Dame Sybil Thorndike was put up in miners’ homes on tour Meanwhile, members of the Welsh tour, led by Dame Sybil Thorndike – the biggest name in the Old Vic ranks at that time – stayed with mining families, whom the actress described as "wonderfully hospitable".
The reaction of the audiences made an impression on the actress too.
"We’ve never played to such audiences," she wrote. "None of them move a muscle while we’re playing, but at the end they go wild and lift the roof with their clapping. This is the theatre that we like best – getting right in amongst people."
The Welsh crowds would often respond by breaking into song at the end of the show.
Tyrone Guthrie recalled: "I shall never forget the moment when in a mining village not far from Swansea, a packed audience, about 1,000 strong, rose at the end of the performance and fairly lifted the roof off with a hymn – a magnificent, thrilling gesture of appreciation and thanks."
In the crowd in the Carmarthenshire village of Garnant was a 10-year-old evacuee named Patrick Dromgoole. He described the performance as "absolutely electrifying and terrifying", adding: "I knew then that I wanted to be a part of theatre."
He grew up to be a director, staging the premiere of Joe Orton’s Entertaining Mr Sloane in 1964. And he passed the theatre bug to his son Dominic, who was artistic director of Shakespeare’s Globe from 2006-16. The Old Vic turned down a request from Vivien Leigh (pictured with husband Laurence Olivier) to join The Old Vic cast in Wales was meant to have included a 19-year-old Paul Scofield, who went on to become one of Britain’s great classical actors.
He turned up for rehearsals, but developed mumps and never performed – although he did leave the mumps behind among several younger members of the company.
Assembling a cast and crew was a constant struggle. Guthrie wrote in 1942 that the opera company almost had to pack up when two "absolutely indispensible" singers were refused further military deferment.
And at one point, he complained that a wigmaker had been denied army leave and so was unable to travel to Burnley (instead, "the little women round all corners have been called up"), while Guthrie trained two girls from the Vic’s theatre school as electricians.
But the Old Vic also turned some stars down. Laurence Olivier and wife Vivien Leigh, who was fresh from playing Scarlett O’Hara in Gone With the Wind, took Guthrie a kitten after his cat was run over in Burnley – and tried to persuade him to let Leigh join the company.
Guthrie declined, saying her film star image meant the audience would be there for the wrong reasons, and besides, she wasn’t a good enough stage actress. The Vic-Wells director Tyrone Guthrie kept the show on the road during the war But the Old Vic and Sadler’s Wells didn’t need her for their performances to be successful.
The company was crippled by debt when it moved north. When it returned to London in early 1943, as the threat of bombing receded and theatres in the capital reopened, its annual report said the years since 1940 had shown "continuous prosperity".
With the damage to the Old Vic’s Waterloo home repaired, the venue reopened in 1950. Burnley’s Victoria Theatre went into decline and was demolished five years after that.
Today, there is no professional theatre in the town. However, Burnley’s contribution to the theatre landscape left its mark.
Although there had been talk of setting up a National Theatre for years before the war, Charles Landstone wrote that from its first Burnley season, "the Old Vic ceased to be merely metropolitan; its function as a national organisation began to take shape".
Under Olivier’s guidance, the National Theatre Company was formed at the Old Vic in 1963, and moved to its present home on London’s South Bank 13 years later.
London was once again the magnetic centre of the nation’s theatre scene.
In recent years, the National Theatre has ramped up its tours around the country. But it’s never been as truly national as when the Old Vic was based in Burnley.
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Actor James Nesbitt credited his hair transplant for boosting his acting career Scientists say a drug normally prescribed for osteoporosis could potentially lead to a new treatment for hair loss . But why is there stigma around male baldness? And why do men try to "cure" themselves of it anyway?
Whether it’s actors Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson and Jason Statham or business titans Jeff Bezos or Goldman Sachs chief executive Lloyd Blankfein, there is no shortage of men in the spotlight who are bald.
Forget wigs, hairpieces or other attempts to hide their baldness, all of them have shaved heads that draw attention to, rather than disguise, their sparse locks.
And it seems there may be good reason to embrace baldness rather than cover it up.
Some studies have indicated that men with shaved heads are perceived to be more masculine and dominant than their full-haired counterparts .
The video blogger Perry O’Bree, who started losing his hair at the age of 20 and recently took part in the BBC Newsbeat documentary Too Young to go Bald , says baldness is something we should "embrace and celebrate".
Yet for many male pattern baldness is a source of emotional distress.
Actor James Nesbitt said his hair loss had affected his confidence and career and credited his subsequent hair transplants with helping him to get better roles.
"It was something I struggled with. And that was probably the vanity in me," he said at the time.
So why does hair loss often hit men so hard?
David Fenton, of the British Association of Dermatologists, says representations of physical perfection in the media lead many men to seek self-esteem in their appearance.
"People create confidence and self-esteem from it, and when they lose even a little bit, if their character and confidence is based on that, they’re going to have severe emotional and psychological impacts," he says.
But is the pain some men feel about balding new or has it always existed? Magic potions
Actors talking about hair loss affecting their confidence and ability to get parts sounds like a distinctly modern issue for our image-conscious times.
But men’s concerns about balding appear to go back hundreds, if not thousands, of years.
In the Bible, two bears mauled 42 boys after they mocked the prophet Elisha by calling him "Baldy" .
Baldness was also said to be an obsession of Julius Caesar, who reputedly tried all manner of things to get his hair back.
Elsewhere, supposed cures for hair loss abound in history.
The Vikings are said to have used a lotion of goose guano. The ancient Greek medic Hippocrates’s "cure" involved pigeon droppings mixed with horseradish, cumin and nettles.
And a rather gruesome 5,000-year-old Egyptian recipe suggested blending the burned prickles of a hedgehog immersed in oil with honey, alabaster, red ochre and fingernail scrapings. What is male pattern baldness?
Also known as androgenic alopecia, it usually initially involves the loss of hair from the front and sides of the scalp and progresses towards the back of the head Also known as androgenic alopecia, it usually initially involves the loss of hair from the front and sides of the scalp and progresses towards the back of the head
It is most common in white men, happens less often in black men and later and more slowly in Asian men
It affects about 80% of white men who are 70 or older
It is caused by a combination of genes and the way the body responds to testosterone
Source: NHS/NICE But where does man’s preoccupation with hair loss stem from?
"It depends on the society, but one of the important communications that hair gives – the style, the colour, the presentation – it’s one of the most powerful means of communication," says Dr Fenton.
"When you lose hair, one of the immediate messages is that you’re perhaps ageing. And usually this is something people don’t want. It goes along with superficiality and appearance in society." Scientific breakthroughs
It wasn’t until the 1980s that the first real breakthrough in the science of hair loss treatment took place, when scientists discovered the blood pressure drug minoxidil caused hair growth as a side-effect.
This led experts to look for ways to repurpose the drug to treat hair loss, eventually creating a lotion that could be applied to the scalp.
The next major treatment came when scientists found that some bald men given tablets aimed at preventing the prostate from enlarging started to re-grow their hair.
The drug, now sold as finasteride, blocks the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone – a process that happens in people who are balding.
The two drugs are the most common treatments for male pattern baldness in the UK.
But neither is prescribed on the NHS. And they’re expensive. They’re also inconsistent, Dr Fenton says.
In some people, they don’t work at all. In others, they slow down or stop hair loss. While in the lucky ones, there can be some hair re-growth.
But any benefit will eventually reverse once treatments are ended. Hair transplants involve moving hair from one part of the body to the area of baldness Hair transplants – used not only by James Nesbitt but also footballer Wayne Rooney – have become increasingly effective, to the point that they are often undetectable when done by a good surgeon.
They work by transferring hair from another part of the body to the balding area.
But they’re also costly, ranging from £1,000 to £30,000 for the most comprehensive transplants.
And they are generally better suited to older men or those whose hair loss has stabilised.
One potential treatment showing promise is the injection of plasma-rich platelets into the scalp to stimulate hair growth. Though more studies on its effectiveness are needed, experts say.
But will science reach the point in our lifetimes where it will be able to "cure" baldness? Actor Dwayne "The Rock" Johnson is bald and admired for his brawn Dr Fenton believes it will be possible to reverse balding, at least to some extent, in most people eventually.
But because baldness is a normal physiological process, rather than a disease, such a treatment would need to be taken continuously to prevent its effects wearing off.
"You can’t cure something that is a normal physiological happening," he says.
"You’re fighting your genetic programming. And to do that you have to do it forever or until you don’t care."
But is baldness something that even needs to be "cured"?
Dr Fenton says the shaved look adopted by Dwayne Johnson and others is an approach that would best suit a lot of men.
"It’s a very convenient way of covering up that you’re thinning in one area and not another," he says."That’s one way that some people cope satisfactorily. And that may be enough for them."Perry O’Bree says attitudes to baldness have improved."The more you talk about it, the better it gets," he says."At first, it’s a bit of a shock to the system. But once you discover that so many other people your age have gone through a similar thing, it’s not so bad."It’s part of a life-cycle." Follow Alex on Twitter .
The UK imports roughly half its food – nearly a third of which originates from the EU Food bills could rise sharply if there is no free trade deal with the European Union after Brexit, peers have warned.
The Lords EU Environment Committee said it was "inconceivable" there would be no impact on EU produce, which makes up 30% of the UK’s food imports.
While better-off customers could afford to buy more expensive home-grown goods, it said, those on lower incomes could be left with lower-quality imports.
Officials said the UK’s aim was to ensure the "smooth flow" of goods.
Brexit-supporting MPs say leaving the EU could reduce food prices by removing unnecessary regulation on UK farmers and cutting tariffs on imports from the rest of the world.
But the cross-party committee said it was unclear whether the government’s primary goal after Brexit was reducing food prices, or maintaining high animal welfare and food safety standards. Reality Check: The government’s customs options
The future of farming after Brexit
Farm subsidies ‘to help environment’
In the event of the UK leaving the EU in March 2019 without any deal, it said, the UK could face an average 22% tariff on food imports from the Continent.
"While this would not equate to a 22% increase in food prices for consumers, there can be no doubt that prices paid at the checkout would rise," it said.
"To counteract this, the government could cut tariffs on all food imports, EU and non-EU, but this would pose a serious risk of undermining UK food producers who could not compete on price."
The cabinet’s Brexit sub-committee is expected to discuss issues relating to agriculture and food production on Thursday. Half the UK’s food is imported, with 30% from the EU, 11% from countries with EU trade deals and the rest from other countries. Customs delays
The committee said there was a "striking" contrast between the government’s apparent confidence over the risk of disruption to food supplies and the "vocal" concerns of industry and consumer bodies.
The UK has said it wants a comprehensive trade deal with the EU and a customs arrangement that continues to ensure "frictionless" trade. Few freight companies are aware of what will happen after Brexit, the industry suggests But the government has yet to decide which of two alternative options to the current customs union with the EU it prefers, amid divisions in cabinet.
The committee warned the UK’s ports would be clogged up if EU goods were subject to the same border checks as other imported produce.
Yet, it said, allowing produce through with few checks would raise safety concerns.
Lord Teverson, the Lib Dem peer who chairs the committee, said food producers and customs officials must be given time to prepare for any changes and consumers reassured that supplies would continue as normal.
After Brexit, British farmers will continue to receive the same level of subsidies they currently get through the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy. This will continue until 2022.
But the committee said it would not be possible to increase food production in time to meet any shortfall caused by Brexit. ‘Paralysis’
It said any reductions in EU workers could lead to an increase in recruitment or higher wages for domestic workers but the costs may have to be passed on to customers or some businesses "may cease to be viable".
The Freight Transport Association said the "paralysis" at Dover and on the surrounding road network caused by the French ferry workers’ strike in 2015 could be repeated if no customs solutions were found.
"The government understands this… so it must be why they are taking so long to make up their minds," said Pauline Bastidon, the organisation’s head of European Policy.
Most companies had no idea what the impact of Brexit would be on their business, she said.
"It’s surprising to see how little advanced companies are in terms of mapping their flows and looking at what their exposure is," said Ms Bastidon.
"Only a few are starting to fully realise the impact that Brexit will have on their business."
A government spokeswoman said the cost of food depended on range of factors, including commodity prices, exchange rates and oil prices, and this would still apply after Brexit.
She added: "But we also want to ensure consumers have access to a wide range of food, which is why we are considering how we best manage border checks and controls when we leave the EU without impacting the smooth flow of trade."
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