Minister for Equalities congratulates Essex GP Surgery for winning Gold Award in trailblazing programme for LGBT patients

Minister for Equalities congratulates Essex GP Surgery for winning Gold Award in trailblazing programme for LGBT patients

Fern House Surgery in Witham to receive Gold in Pride in Practice (PiP) programme

PiP trains staff in LGBT inclusivity

Minister for Equalities praises practice for commitment to providing an excellent service to LGBT people

The programme, produced by the LGBT Foundation and funded by the Government Equalities Office, trains GPs and staff in primary care organisations to fully support LGBT patients.

PiP trains practitioners to meet the needs of their LGBT patients, from making a practice more welcoming to ensuring that patients are addressed in an appropriate way.

The Minister for Equalities, Baroness Williams, praised Fern House for completing the programme, demonstrating a real commitment to providing excellent and appropriate care to their LGBT patients.

As part of the LGBT Action Plan, in 2018 the Government Equalities Office launched a £1m health grant scheme to fund projects to ensure LGBT people get the right healthcare support, and appointed a National Adviser for LGBT health. Minister for Equalities, Baroness Williams, said:

“It’s vital that LGBT people are able to access the healthcare that they need, and be treated with respect whilst doing so.

“I would like to congratulate Fern House on achieving the Gold Award for the Pride in Practice programme, it shows commitment to serving LGBT people in a supportive and respectful manner.”

“Taking part in Pride in Practice has been a really worthwhile experience for all our staff and will make a positive difference to our patients. We have all learned a great deal about LGBT+ healthcare access which helps meet our vision as a practice of giving all our patients the same level of service regardless of who they are. I would encourage any practice that has not already signed up for Pride in Practice to get involved.”

“I’d like to extend my congratulations to everyone at Fern House Surgery for this excellent achievement. Here in mid Essex, we want to make sure all members of our local LGBT+ community are able to have open and honest conversations with health and care professionals, so people’s individual needs are properly identified and they get the best health support and advice.” Cllr Peter Tattersley, Cabinet Member for Health and Wellbeing at Braintree District Council said:

“It is so encouraging to see Fern House achieve the Pride in Practice Gold Award and lead the way in the district for providing excellent care for LGBT patients. I hope to see other surgeries across the district follow suit and ensure all residents are getting the care and support they deserve.”

The GEO has funded LGBT Foundation to deliver the Pride in Practice training to 350 primary care services, piloting the scheme in NHS GP practices, dentists, pharmacies and optometrists outside of Manchester in London and more rural areas of England.

Last week, the Royal College of GPs launched a new suit of e-learning resources, also funded by the Government Equalities Office, to support healthcare professionals to deliver the best possible care for LGBT patients.

Any surgeries wishing to enrol in the programme should get in touch via: pip@lgbt.foundation

The Pride in Practice scheme includes: Access to training around LGBT inclusion, which provides information on how to provide appropriate services to LGBT people, support around Sexual Orientation and Trans Status Monitoring, myth busting, and confidence building with staff around terminology and appropriate language.

Support to deliver effective active signposting and social prescribing for LGBT communities, linking services with a range of LGBT-affirmative local community assets to facilitate holistic approaches to care.

Ongoing support from a dedicated Account Manager providing consultancy and support on a range of topics based on the needs of the service, identified through the supported assessment.

Community Leaders volunteers who provide insight and lived experience to ensure patient voice, influence and greater public involvement.

LGBT patient insight so that services can be proactive about meeting LGBT patients’ needs (i.e. access to research, focus group data and case studies sharing best practice), via involvement of Community Leader volunteers who we will support to ensure increased patient and public involvement in the programme.

Practical support, guidance and confidence building for staff members on how to implement the Sexual Orientation Monitoring Information Standard.

An accreditation award, including a wall plaque and Pride in Practice logos for letterheads and websites. This enables primary care services to promote their equality credentials, and demonstrates their commitment to ensuring a fully inclusive, patient-centred service. Awards are graded Bronze, Silver or Gold depending on assessment results. Assessments are carried out with the support of a dedicated Account Manager.

8 KC Companies Rank ‘Best Places to Work for LGBTQ Equality’

8 KC Companies Rank ‘Best Places to Work for LGBTQ Equality’

Several Kansas City, Missouri, companies have earned the “ Best Places to Work for LGBTQ Equality ” distinction this year.

Every year, the Human Rights Campaign Foundation ranks businesses for their adoption of inclusive workplace policies and practices such as domestic partner benefits, transgender-inclusive benefits and non-discriminatory policies, among others. This year eight of the 686 top companies in the U.S. are located in Kansas City.

“Kansas City for such a long time has had a reputation as being an enormously conservative city,” said Suzanne Wheeler, executive director of the Mid-America LGBT Chamber of Commerce in Kansas City.

Wheeler identifies as trans and grew up in the Kansas City suburbs in the 1980s. She spent 30 years away from Kansas City while in the military before she retired. Wheeler admits Kansas City wasn’t the first place she considered to retire, but she gave it a shot and went to a chamber meeting. She was pleasantly surprised.

“It was a completely different city than the one I left,” Wheeler said. “I realized there were plenty of opportunities for me in Kansas City. I wouldn’t just be able to make it but I would be able to thrive.”

The ratings suggest the city has become more inclusive for professional LGBTQ+ individuals, which is good for recruitment and therefore good for business. Every year, Kansas City’s ratings improve, Wheeler said, and the community notices.

“It’s fabulous because ultimately it helps show this eclectic and wonderfully accepting city that we live in,” Wheeler said.

KC companies that earned high scores are listed below: Cerner Corp. — 100

Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City — 95

Hallmark Cards Inc. — 100

H&R Block Inc. — 100

Lathrop Gage — 95

Polsinelli — 100

Shook, Hardy & Bacon — 100

Stinson — 100

Inspired by Ireland, Taiwan’s LGBT activists feel empowered for future battles

Inspired by Ireland, Taiwan’s LGBT activists feel empowered for future battles

The gay community in Taiwan followed the Irish same-sex marriage debate and referendum very closely and they kept in close contact with groups active in the campaign. Photograph: Ashley Pon/Bloomberg via Getty The battle has been long and at times bitter, but Taiwan’s LGBT activists say they now feel empowered to tackle remaining discrimination where they see it and act as a beacon for the burgeoning gay rights movement in Asia.

Taiwan became the first Asian state to recognise same-sex marriage last year, a historic breakthrough following a prolonged campaign, and one that activists say was buoyed by Ireland’s marriage equality referendum in 2015.

The introduction of the new law was divisive in Taiwan, and conservative and church groups vowed to punish President Tsai Ing-wen and her Democratic Progressive Party at the January 11th elections and vote in lawmakers who would reverse the legislation.

The electorate, however, delivered Tsai a landslide victory, meaning the LGBT community could heave a collective sigh of relief and focus on consolidating their position over the next four years. There is great solidarity across the world, and the Irish community was very helpful sharing all their experiences Taiwan has a vibrant LGBT scene, and one that has been spurred on by the legislative change. More than 200,000 people joined last year’s riotous gay pride parade in Taipei , among them many of the 2,600 same-sex couples who have legally tied the knot in Taiwan since the new law was introduced.

Also joining the party were representatives of several gay groups from all across Asia, many looking to emulate Taiwan’s legislative success in their own countries.

“We have had so many groups visit, from Hong Kong , Japan , Singapore , Malaysia , Korea, all over. We share our experience and resources, and together hope to develop the LGBT movement across Asia,” said Sih-Cheng Du, director of policy advocacy from the Taiwan TongZhi (LGBTQ) Hotline Association.

The community in Taiwan followed the Irish same-sex marriage debate and referendum very closely, he said, and they kept in close contact with groups active in the campaign in Ireland.

“It was inspiring. There is great solidarity across the world, and the Irish community was very helpful sharing all their experiences,” he said, “and now we are doing the same across Asia.” Taiwan president Tsai Ing-Wen was re-elected in a landslide victory on January 11th, cementing her government’s same-sex marriage legislation. Photograph: Carl Court/Getty The origins of the path to legislative reform can be traced back to 1986, the year before Taiwan’s four decades of martial law under Kuomintang leader Chiang Kai-shek finally came to a close.

Chi Chia-wei, a solo activist at the time, decided to call a press conference in a downtown McDonalds. He stuffed notices into the postboxes of local and international media outlets, reserved a small section of the fast-food venue, bought dozens of soft drinks from the counter, and waited to see if anyone would show up.

His invites stirred press intrigue and with the cameras rolling he did the unthinkable in such oppressive climes: he openly declared his sexual orientation and launched a one-man HIV/Aids education campaign. He also petitioned the legislature to permit same-sex marriages, a proposal that was promptly and angrily rejected.

Chi quickly found himself in trouble with the law, and was sentenced to five years’ imprisonment on robbery charges that were widely seen as fabricated. He sat in a cell for five months, before being pardoned by a lenient and tearful judge who sent him on his way.

In the following years he set up an LGBT support hotline, raised funds for Aids victims, and continued challenging the island’s laws in the courts. A well-known public figure on the streets of Taipei, he would hand out free condoms, occasionally dressed in a suit made of condoms.

In 2013 he made another of his many attempts to apply for a marriage licence, and when denied he appealed to the Taipei city government, who referred the constitutionality question to the courts.

As that was winding its way through the legal system, Tsai Ing-wen was preparing for her first presidential bid. In November 2015 – the same month that same-sex marriage became legal in Ireland – she announced her support for the legislation in Taiwan.

When she came to power the issue was sidelined, though it proved to be deeply contentious amongst her governing ranks, much to the disappointment of the LGBT community, who accused her of reneging on campaign promises. She did, however, manage to appoint several liberally oriented judges to the constitutional court in her early days at the helm.

That court, considering Chi’s latest application that the ban on gay marriage was unconstitutional, then reached the landmark decision in 2017, declaring that marriage in Taiwan should indeed be opened to same-sex couples. It gave the government two years to find a legal solution. Chi Chia-wei began his solo campaign for LGBT rights in Taiwan with a press conference in a branch of McDonalds in 1986. Photograph: Sam Yeh/AFP via Getty The court decision was met with a conservative outcry, and opponents put forward a series of referendums in which two-thirds of the voters opted to reject same-sex marriage. While the government had said prior to the referendums that they were obligated to follow the court ruling regardless of any referendum outcome, it was an acrimonious time that drove a wedge into society.

“When we spoke to LGBT groups and individuals in Ireland, they told us to avoid a referendum if we could. They said it would be bitter and divisive and offensive and cause a lot of hurt to our community,” Du said. “They were right but we had no choice here. So, they advised us to prepare to protect our community, to give them emotional support.”

Conservative and Christian groups ran a well-funded campaign of hate and scare-mongering, he said, “and so much fake news” that led to “a huge amount of pain in our community . . . we really got beaten up in the process.” Same-sex couples still face areas of discrimination that the TongZhi group and others intend to challenge And while the vote was non-binding, it did lead the government to pass a special same-sex law as a compromise move, rather than amending the civil code, which is what the LGBT and human rights groups had been seeking to deliver full equality.

So, in May last year, right on the court’s two-year deadline, the legislators passed a Bill making same-sex marriage a reality.

Speaking to Taiwanese media at a rally outside the legislature after the vote, the 60-year-old Chi marvelled at the massive crowd around him.

“It was just a one-man campaign when I started, now I have 250,000 people here beside me. I am not alone in doing what is right,” he said.

He was never discouraged by the setbacks, he said, but always felt the cause was worthy.

“My belief is that if you can do one thing right in this life, then it is all worth it,” he said.

As the civil code was not amended, same-sex couples still face areas of discrimination that the TongZhi group and others intend to challenge, Du said.

Currently, same-sex couples can only adopt if the child is the biological offspring of one of the couple, for instance, and Taiwanese citizens can only have a transnational same-sex marriage recognised if their partner is from one of the 30 or so countries around the world that recognise gay marriage, he said.

“There are other issues too, such as gender equality education, that we need to tackle,” he said. “It will all take time. It’s a long process.”

But Taiwan, and Asia, are changing, he said.

After Tsai signed the historic law, she gave her pen to Chi in recognition of his decades-long struggle.

“I used this pen to sign the same-sex marriage Bill. Please keep it as a token. May love unite everyone in this land,” she wrote in a note to him.

Chi then acted as witness for the first same-sex marriages in the country, using the president’s pen to sign his name on the official marital documents.

Mormon university that bans ‘homosexual behaviour’ allows same-sex dancing for the first time

Mormon university that bans ‘homosexual behaviour’ allows same-sex dancing for the first time

Same-sex dance partners will be able to compete for the first time in the competition at the Mormon university. (DANIEL GARCIA/AFP via Getty) A Mormon university that bans “homosexual behaviour” will allow same-sex couples to dance on its campus for the first time ever.

Brigham Young University (BYU) in Utah is run by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, commonly known as the Mormon church.

BYU’s honour code prohibits “homosexual behavior”, and students can be expelled for not adhering to the code.

It states: “One’s stated same-gender attraction is not an Honor Code issue. However, the Honor Code requires all members of the university community to manifest a strict commitment to the law of chastity.

“Homosexual behavior is inappropriate and violates the Honor Code.

“Homosexual behavior includes not only sexual relations between members of the same sex, but all forms of physical intimacy that give expression to homosexual feelings.”

But this year, when the US National Amateur DanceSport Championships are held at the Utah campus March, the will be no limitations on the gender of partners dancing together.

The National Dance Council of America (NDCA) announced in September 2019 that it would be redefining the term “couple” in its rules to include people of any gender, including non-binary people.

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The US National Amateur DanceSport Championships are held every year at BYU, but this will be the first year anything other than opposite-sex partners will be allowed.

If BYU did not abide by NDCA rules it would no longer have accreditation from the organisation, but its own rules do stipulate that “competitors must not be overly suggestive in their movements” and there are strict guidelines for keeping costumes modest.

In August 2019, It Chapter Two star Taylor Frey said that his experience of being gay at BYU was like “a witch hunt”.

He told Attitude: “It’s the most incredible tattle-tale society. It’s damaging and it’s hurtful because you can be kicked out of school based on lies and rumours.

“I feel this fire in my chest when I speak about it because it was such a scary time for me… I’m still trying to let it go.”

“It’s happened to a lot of people, some people weren’t allowed to have their credits transferred, some people were close to graduating and were kicked out and their degrees were withheld.

“That’s why it’s scary, especially for someone like me who wasn’t out of the closet yet. I was afraid that had these accusations gone forward I’d have had to to tell my parents what they were about. That was horrifying.

“It was almost like I was being dragged through the mud. It was a witch hunt.”

This non-binary eight-year-old understands identity and acceptance better than most adults

This non-binary eight-year-old understands identity and acceptance better than most adults

R said coming out was like "telling someone about a really cool comic". (Envato) A non-binary second grader at an elementary school in Pennsylvania has explained her thoughts on identity and acceptance, and she’s more insightful than most adults.

The eight-year-old, referred to as “R” in an interview with PublicSource to protect her identity, uses she/her pronouns and wants to be a meteorologist when she grows up.

R came out as non-binary last year, shortly before her eighth birthday, and said: “I’m not a girl, not a boy. I’m just me.”

The first person she told at school was another child in the playground who asked her if she was a boy or a girl. She responded by saying: “I’m non-binary!”

R said the feeling of excitement at being open about her identity was “like you were telling someone about a really cool comic that you like”.

She added: “I feel like… in the gender section of my heart, there is nothing.”

But at eight, R is already learning that other people see her as different. When she came home with district forms that required her mother to tick either a “male” or “female” box, R asked her mother to draw a third box that said “other”.

“It made me feel angry that people don’t include people who are both or neither,” R said.

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She is able to understand that when other children are mean to her at school, it comes from a place of misunderstanding, insecurity or fear.

She said: “I get called a lot of harsh things just because people don’t understand. They just don’t know what to call me, so they call me something mean.

“I wish that kids who were non-binary got all the same things as kids who are male or female.

“I wish that everybody could know what it means so that they don’t call kids mean names just because they’re non-binary.”

Her mother said that she began discussing the topic of identity, for example around race or gender, with her child when R was four years old.

She said of R coming out: “The fact that she even had the language to use, we were pretty proud of her. We need to have these conversations early and often.”

According to a Trevor Project survey, 78 per cent of transgender and non-binary youth reported being the subject of discrimination and three in 10 have attempted suicide.

But, consistently using the correct name and pronouns for trans people can reduce their rates of anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts to almost the same levels as their cisgender counterparts.

Traumatising conversion therapy for LGBT children has finally been banned in Mormon state Utah

Traumatising conversion therapy for LGBT children has finally been banned in Mormon state Utah

A woman holds a sign at a rally in downtown Salt Lake City demand that the Mormon Church change their policy of doing "worthiness interviews" with children that may involve sexual matters. (George Frey/Getty) Traumatising conversion therapy is now officially illegal for LGBT+ children in Utah, where the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS church), commonly known as the Mormon Church, is headquartered.

The anti-LGBT+ LDS church dominates politics in Utah and around a third of all Mormons in the US live in the state.

Most US states have a Mormon population of between zero and five percent, but according to the latest LDS figures, 68 percent of the Utah population is Mormon.

The proportion of the population who are members of the LDS church is greater than the proportion of Utah women who have jobs.

In October, 2019, the church announced that it opposed a proposed ban on conversion therapy in the state.

The church’s “family services” branch also sent a letter to the Utah Department of Commerce raising its concerns about the bill.

In the letter , the church said: “Regardless of a person’s sexual orientation, some behaviours related to or associated with sexual orientation can be destructive and psychologically unhealthy… Certainly a minor client with gender dysphoria who desires to change, through appropriate therapies, extreme or destructive ‘behaviours that express aspects of gender’ should be able to find help from responsible therapists.”

A month later, after assurances were added that churches would still be able to provide spiritual counselling, the LDS church u-turned and said it would not resist a ban on the traumatising and debunked practice of conversion therapy.

The change in law became final on Tuesday January 21, making Utah the 19th US state to ban the practice.

According to the Los Angeles Times , the original sponsor of the proposal, Republican Utah representative Craig Hall, said: “This measure will truly save lives.”

A study published in 2019 found that “transgender people who are exposed to conversion efforts anytime in their lives have more than double the odds of attempting suicide compared with those who have never experienced efforts by professionals to convert their gender identity.”

New China virus: Your questions answered

New China virus: Your questions answered

People wear masks near the Tiananmen Gate Tower in Beijing, China Over the weekend, the number of people infected with a new virus in China has tripled.

The outbreak of this coronavirus has spread from Wuhan to other major cities.

But what exactly is this new virus and how easy is it to contract?

You have been sending BBC News your questions about coronavirus.

BBC News online’s health editor Michelle Roberts answers your questions. Is it possible to vaccinate in order to prevent this respiratory illness? – Hans Friedrich

At the moment, there is no vaccine that can protect people against this type of coronavirus.

It is a new strain that hasn’t been seen in humans before, which means doctors still have lots to learn about it. I am travelling to Beijing and Shanghai in February and would like to know what, if necessary, precautions to take whilst there? – Matt

Based on currently available information, the World Health Organization has not recommend any restrictions on travel or trade.

You should re-check the latest travel advice before you depart. New Chinese virus ‘will have infected hundreds’

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Is it possible for the virus to have affected any person, who travelled to China in the last few months for example, October to December 2019? – Anonymous

The first human cases were identified in the Chinese city of Wuhan in December 2019.

There have not been any other suspected human cases reported prior to this.

Given the type of virus, the incubation period (how long it takes for symptoms to appear after catching the infection) is days, rather than weeks.

It is not yet known how or when the virus became infectious to people.

Experts believe the first cases were transmitted by an animal. It is possible the virus may be passed to some extent from person to person too but this has not been confirmed. Are UK airports planning to screen arrivals? Two family members have lung and heart conditions and relatives from China arrive this week. – Anonymous

Currently, UK airports are not screening passengers on arrival. The government is keeping the situation under review.

Extra checks such as temperature scans have been put in place to screen some travellers elsewhere.

Airports in Singapore, Hong Kong and Tokyo have been screening air passengers from Wuhan and US authorities last week announced similar measures at three major airports in San Francisco, Los Angeles and New York. There were six coronaviruses known to infect people. A lot of initially infected people have already been discharged from hospitals. Does it mean that the virus is not that dangerous? – Anonymous

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that cause illnesses ranging from the common cold to more severe disease. It’s not yet clear how bad this new coronavirus is.

If a patient has recovered from the infection, they should not pose a risk to others and can be sent home from hospital provided they are well enough. What animal does the Corona virus come from? How can one protect himself against? – Anonymous

It is not yet known how the virus was transmitted. Other coronaviruses, such as Sars and Mers, came from cats and camels respectively.

Experts are working to find the source.

Standard recommendations to prevent infection apply. These include: regular hand washing

covering mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing

thoroughly cooking meat and eggs

Avoid close contact with anyone showing symptoms of respiratory illness such as coughing and sneezing.

In its advice to travellers, the UK’s National Travel Health Network and Centre (NaTHNaC) says there is a low risk of pneumonia due to the novel coronavirus to travellers to Wuhan but simple precautions such as washing hands should be taken.

NaTHNaC adds: "You should also avoid animals (alive or dead), animal markets, and products that come from animals (such as uncooked meat).

"Seek medical attention if you develop respiratory symptoms within 14 days of visiting Wuhan, informing your health service prior to attendance about your recent travel to the city."

What is universal credit – and what’s the problem?

What is universal credit - and what's the problem?

Labour leadership hopeful Lisa Nandy has said the principle of universal credit – the major reform to simplify the benefits system – was "the right one", but criticised cuts and a lack of support for claimants.

Universal credit was introduced by the Conservative-led coalition government in 2010, but has proved controversial almost from the beginning. So what is universal credit?

Universal credit is a benefit for working-age people, replacing six benefits and merging them into one payment: income support

income-based jobseeker’s allowance

income-related employment and support allowance

housing benefit

child tax credit

working tax credit

It was designed to make claiming benefits simpler.

A single universal credit payment is paid directly into claimants’ bank accounts to cover the benefits for which they are eligible.

Claimants then have to pay costs such as rent out of their universal credit payment – though there is a provision for people who are in rent arrears or have difficulty managing their money to have their rent paid directly to their landlord.

The latest available figures show that there were 2.6 million universal credit claimants as of October 2019. Just over a third of claimants were in employment. How does it work?

The idea of universal credit is that it can be claimed whether you are in or out of work.

There’s no limit to the number of hours you can work per week if you receive it, but your payment reduces gradually as you earn more.

It is designed to mean that no-one faces a situation where they would be better off claiming benefits than working.

Under the old system many faced a "cliff edge", where people on a low income would lose a big chunk of their benefits in one go as soon as they started working more than 16 hours.

In the new system, benefit payments are reduced at a consistent rate as income and earnings increase – for every extra £1 you earn after tax, you will lose 63p in benefits.

How much you can receive in universal credit payments in the first place depends on things like whether you have children and if you qualify for housing or disability payments.

Payments are then reduced from this maximum amount the more you earn – although each household can earn a certain amount, called a work allowance, before they lose anything. What are the concerns?

Cuts to universal credit since it was announced have made the overall system significantly less generous.

For example, the work allowance has been cut so people can earn a smaller amount of money before their benefit payments start to reduce.

Low pay charity the Resolution Foundation warned that these kind of cuts may weaken the benefit’s main purpose – to make sure people always feel it’s worthwhile to work more hours.

There have also been concerns over how long new claimants have to wait before receiving the benefit.

Universal credit is paid in arrears. For example, if you sign on on 1 January, you’ll receive your first payment on 5 February, based on what you earned in the previous month.

So four weeks of earnings are assessed, plus a further week to process the payment.

Those who don’t have enough money saved to wait 35 days from claim to payment can get an advance on their first instalment of the benefit. But this is treated as a loan that is then taken off future benefits payments for the following year.

The fact that it is assessed monthly has also proved difficult for some people who are paid weekly and whose pay fluctuates throughout the month. Why some people on universal credit struggle to budget monthly

In a written statement to Parliament, Work and Pensions Secretary Therese Coffey said. "we provide alternative payment arrangements such as more frequent payment options and managed payments to landlords."

The project has cost many times more than originally predicted and taken far longer than expected to roll out. Will some people lose money?

Transferring onto universal credit from the old system will mean a loss of at least £1,000 a year for 1.9 million adults, and a gain of at least £1,000 a year for 1.6 million adults, according to an April 2019 report by independent think tank the Institute for Fiscal Studies .

Those with the lowest incomes stand to lose the most.

The government has set aside £3bn in total to ease this process, designed to ensure that no-one moving from the old to the new system will lose out initially.

But new claimants won’t benefit from the protection and if people’s circumstances change or if they come off benefits and then go back on them, they will lose this transitional protection.

Think tank the Resolution Foundation in 2017 said that, "the long list of conditions that are deemed to reflect a change in circumstance, bringing such support to an end, is likely to mean relatively short durations of protection".

The independent Office for Budget Responsibility said in 2018 that around 400,000 claimants would receive the protection.

Davos 2020: Prince Charles meets Greta Thunberg

Davos 2020: Prince Charles meets Greta Thunberg

The Prince of Wales has met teenage climate activist Greta Thunberg at the World Economic Forum in Davos.

The pair were introduced after Prince Charles delivered a speech at the event in Switzerland, where sustainability is the main theme.

A "paradigm shift" is needed in the way the world deals with climate change, he said.

He outlined an initiative to encourage "rapid" decarbonisation and a shift towards sustainable markets.

Clarence House tweeted photos of his meeting with Miss Thunberg, who addressed delegates at the event on Tuesday.

Speaking shortly after US President Donald Trump, she strongly criticised politicians and business leaders for what she said were continuous "empty words and promises".

Prince Charles, the heir to throne, travelled around 80 miles to Davos from the Swiss city St Gallen in an electric Jaguar to deliver a keynote address to business and political leaders.

He said he is launching a "Sustainable Markets Initiative", which will bring together private and public sector leaders, heads of charities, and investors to work towards decarbonisation and a transition to sustainable markets.

He added that taxes could be used, as well as policies and regulations, to accelerate this shift.

His sons, the Duke of Cambridge and Duke of Sussex, and grandchildren have been in his mind throughout his environmental campaigning, he said.

He called for 2020 to be "the year that we put ourselves on the right track" and for the private sector to "lead the world out of the approaching catastrophe into which we have engineered ourselves". Trump takes on Thunberg and ‘pessimism’ at Davos

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"Do we want to go down in history as the people who did nothing to bring the world back from the brink, in trying to restore the balance, when we could have done? I don’t want to," he said.

"Just think for a moment, what good is all the extra wealth in the world gained from business as usual if you can do nothing with it except watch it burn in catastrophic conditions."

Labour leadership: I can sell ‘hope for the future’, says Long-Bailey

Labour leadership: I can sell 'hope for the future', says Long-Bailey

Labour needs to sell a message of aspiration to voters, says Long-Bailey Labour had "a great set of policies" at the general election but got its "messaging" wrong, Rebecca Long-Bailey has told the BBC.

"We should have been talking about aspiration," the Labour leadership contender said, but too often talked about "handouts" instead.

She said she had the ability to sell "a positive vision" and "hope for the future" that wins elections.

The race to succeed Jeremy Corbyn is down to four after Jess Phillips quit.

Shadow Brexit secretary Sir Keir Starmer and Wigan MP Lisa Nandy have made it on the final leadership ballot, after securing the necessary trade union and affiliated group support.

Emily Thornberry and Mrs Long-Bailey have yet to reach the threshold.

Ms Phillips said she would be happy with either Ms Nandy or Sir Keir as leader, but argued that Mrs Long-Bailey would be the wrong choice for Labour at this moment. Nandy joins Starmer on Labour leadership ballot

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Who will be Labour’s next leader?

Mr Corbyn announced he would be standing down after Labour suffered its worst defeat, in terms of seats, since 1935 in December’s election.

But Mrs Long-Bailey – whose campaign is backed by grassroots organisation Momentum – refused to blame the party’s manifesto, saying she was "proud" of the policies in it.

Labour’s "compromise position" on Brexit "didn’t satisfy our communities and meant that we weren’t trusted," she told the BBC’s political editor, Laura Kuenssberg.

And, she added: "We didn’t tackle anti-Semitism and we weren’t trusted to deal with that issue within our own party."

The manifesto policies – which included nationalising utilities and a big increase in tax-funded public spending – were not drawn together into an "overarching narrative" that chimed with the electorate, she said.

"Our messaging really didn’t resonate with voters. We should have been talking about aspiration and how all of the things within our manifesto would improve your life, would improve the outcome for businesses in our areas, but we didn’t say that.

"Quite often we talked about handouts and how we will help people, rather than providing that broad positive vision of the future."

She said Labour had a history of talking "about how bad the Conservatives are" without "showing that real vision and hope for the future".

"That’s what wins general elections, showing that real vision and hope for the future. And I know that I can do that and that’s why I’m standing to be the leader of the party." ‘Chinese takeaway’

The shadow business secretary said Labour did not do enough to "sell" her flagship policy, the Green Industrial Revolution, which she said "would have transformed our economy and delivered investment in regions and nations". Rebecca Long-Bailey says she supports gender self-identification "Whoever becomes leader, we have to reunite the party to make sure that we’re unified in the message that we’re putting forward. But we had many of the right answers to the right questions."

She also hit back at claims she was not forceful enough to be prime minister.

"I’m not shy. I mean, I have spent last four years, you know, locked in a room developing many of the policies that we’ve been trying to push forward as a party, but I don’t think you could ever describe me as shy."

She said she believed her "forensic approach" to politics would be a challenge to Boris Johnson, whom she described as having "a bit of a struggling relationship with the truth and with detail".

On the prospect of being PM herself one day, she said she could picture herself living in 10 Downing Street, "chilling out" in her pyjamas on a Friday night, with "Netflix and a Chinese takeaway". Trans rights

In a wide-ranging interview, Mrs Long-Bailey was asked whether she had any Conservative friends in Parliament.

"Not really, no," she replied, but added: "I’m friendly to everyone."

She said her non-political friends would not tell her if they supported the Tories "because I’d be angry".

She also reiterated her belief that women had a "right to choose" when it came to abortion and she was not in favour of changing the law, after a row over comments she made to Catholic priests during the general election.

And she backed a change in the law to allow transgender people to self-identify without the need for medical evidence. Four candidates remain in the race for the Labour leadership Labour’s manifesto committed to reform of the Gender Recognition Act to allow self-identification, but critics warn it will make it easier for someone born as a man but now identifying as a woman to gain access to women-only spaces such as toilets, changing rooms, prisons and domestic violence refuges.

Asked whether she had any concerns about the policy, Mrs Long-Bailey said she understood the arguments, but Labour must "fully support our trans community".

Laura Kuenssberg interviewed Sir Keir last week and is aiming to interview Ms Thornberry and Ms Nandy in the coming weeks.